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Crossostoma lacustre Steindachner, 1908
Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Balitoridae   Crossostoma

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Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Cypriniformes  
 Family Balitoridae  
 Genus Formosania  
  Formosania lacustre    (Steindachner, 1908) 
Provider: Tseng, Chin-Tsian 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Synonyms: Crossostoma lacustre Crossostoma tengi Formosania gilberti Formosania lacustris Homaloptera formosanum   details
Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993) 臺灣淡水及河口魚類誌(陳&方, 1999) Novák, J. , L. Hanel, & O. Rícan. 2006. Formosania a replacement name for Crossostoma Sauvage, 1878 (Teleostei), a junior synonym of Crossostoma Morris & Lycett, 1851 (Gastropoda). Cybium v. 30 (no. 1): 92.
Character: Head slightly compressed. Snout short. Mouth inferior, arched; well developed papillae absent on upper lip; four well developed leaf-like papillae on lower lip. Thirteen preoral maxillary barbells, two pairs of mandibular barbells at corner of mouth. Body cylindrical, elongated, posterior laterally compressed; ventral profile horizontal to origin of anal; dorsal slightly arched. Scales tiny; ventral surface of head and region in front of pectoral fin origin naked; lateral line scales complete. L.l.:86-92; dorsal fin rays:3+8; pectoral fin rays:1+14-15; pelvic fin rays:1+8; anal fin rays:2+5; pectoral and pelvic fins laterally expanded; pectoral fins end distant from pelvic fin origin; anus near pelvic fin end; caudal fin forked, lower lobe slightly longer than upper. Pelvic fin origin behind dorsal fin origin. Color pattern varied, irregularly dark stripe along back, stripes on the young broader than those on adult. Black blotches in more than three rows on each fin. 
Habitat: Primary freshwater fish, lives in slightly fast running water of high and middle elevation, its’ adaptation to water velocity is poorest of Balitorid fish in Taiwan. Benthic. Polyphagia, feed on aquatic insects and diatom on rock. Crossostoma lacustre was 
Distribution: Endemic to rivers between Lanyang River and Choshui River that are located at eastern portion of Central Mountain Range (CMR) of Taiwan. 
Name Code: 380990
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Updated: 2019-07-16 04:43:47 gmt
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