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Euphorbia cyparissias L.
CYPRESS SPURGE
Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Euphorbiaceae   Euphorbia

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Euphorbia cyparissias
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 3
Euphorbia cyparissias
Euphorbia cyparissias
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 3
Euphorbia cyparissias
Euphorbia cyparissias
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 3
Euphorbia cyparissias
Euphorbia cyparissias, pollen
© Copyright UDEL Pollen 2014 · 3
Euphorbia cyparissias, pollen
Euphorbia cyparissias
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 2
Euphorbia cyparissias

Euphorbia cyparissias
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 2
Euphorbia cyparissias
Euphorbia cyparissias
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 2
Euphorbia cyparissias
Euphorbia cyparissias
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 2
Euphorbia cyparissias
Euphorbia cyparissias, Orange man, Cypress spurge, plant
© Copyright Cody Parmer 2010 · 1
Euphorbia cyparissias, Orange man, Cypress spurge, plant
Euphorbia cyparissias, Orange man, Cypress spurge
© Copyright Cody Parmer 2010 · 1
Euphorbia cyparissias, Orange man, Cypress spurge

Euphorbia cyparissias, Orange man, Cypress spurge, inflorescence
© Copyright Cody Parmer 2010 · 1
Euphorbia cyparissias, Orange man, Cypress spurge, inflorescence
Euphorbia cyparissias, Orange man, Cypress spurge, inflorescence
© Copyright Cody Parmer 2010 · 1
Euphorbia cyparissias, Orange man, Cypress spurge, inflorescence
Euphorbia cyparissias, Orange man, Cypress spurge
© Copyright Cody Parmer 2010 · 1
Euphorbia cyparissias, Orange man, Cypress spurge
Euphorbia cyparissias, pollen
© Copyright UDEL Pollen 2014 · 1
Euphorbia cyparissias, pollen
Euphorbia cyparissias, _flower_and_leaves.JP80279_38.320.jpg
© Photographer/source
Euphorbia cyparissias, flower and leaves
JP80279_38

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Aphididae  Sitobion ( @ AMNH_PBI (4)
Erysiphaceae  Oidium cyparissiae @ BPI (1)

Sphaerotheca euphorbiae @ BPI (1)
Gnomoniaceae  Gnomonia tetraspora @ BPI (12)
Melampsoraceae  Melampsora euphorbiae @ BPI (44); 876033B (1); 876033A (1)

Melampsora helioscopiae @ BPI (3)
Miridae  Amblytylus nasutus @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Labops hirtus @ AMNH_PBI (1)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Mycosphaerella cyparissincola @ BPI (1)

Septoria euphorbiae @ BPI (2)
Peronosporaceae  Peronospora cyparissiae @ BPI (17)
Phaeosphaeriaceae  Leptosphaeria euphorbiae @ BPI (4)
Platygloeaceae  Tuberculina persicina @ BPI (2)
Pucciniaceae  Uromyces alpestris @ BPI (26)

Uromyces euphorbiae @ BPI (2)

Uromyces excavatus @ BPI (2)

Uromyces fischeri-eduardi @ BPI (1)

Uromyces fischeri @ BPI (1)

Uromyces genistae-tinctoriae @ BPI (3)

Uromyces kalmusii @ BPI (3)

Uromyces loti @ BPI (2)

Uromyces pisi-sativi @ BPI (5)

Uromyces pisi @ BPI (49); 874354B (1)

Uromyces punctatus @ BPI (1)

Uromyces scutellatus @ BPI (81)

Uromyces striatus @ BPI (21)

Uromyces striolatus @ BPI (5)

Uromyces tuberculatus @ BPI (1)
Rhytismataceae  Hypoderma virgultorum @ BPI (1)

Leptostroma herbarum @ BPI (3)

Leptostroma punctiforme @ BPI (2)
Sclerotiniaceae  Botrytis cinerea @ BPI (1)
Typhulaceae  Typhula euphorbiae @ BPI (1)
Uropyxidaceae  Aecidium euphorbiae @ BPI (14)

Aecidium @ BPI (1)
_  Leptostromella hysterioides @ BPI (1)

Naevia tithymalina @ BPI (1)

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Delaware Wildflowers  •  Scientific names

Euphorbia cyparissias L. Cypress Spurge
Euphorbiaceae — Spurge family
Non-native
Euphorbia cyparissias
White Clay Creek State Park -- Possum Hill
May 2001

Search Google Delaware USDA

Photos copyright David G. Smith

Delaware Wildflowers main page

Following modified from MissouriPlants.com
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Euphorbia cyparissias L.

Cypress Spurge

Euphorbia cyparissias plant

Family - Euphorbiaceae

Stems - To +30cm tall, from creeping rhizomes and stout roots, erect, herbaceous, with milky sap, green, terete, multiple from the base, simple except in the inflorescence, glabrous.

Euphorbia cyparissias stem

Leaves - Alternate, sessile, dense on the stem, spreading, to +/-3cm long, 2-3mm broad, linear, entire, rounded to acute at the apex, with a single midrib, dark green or with a reddish-purple tinge, glabrous. Margins slightly revolute.

Euphorbia cyparissias leaves

Inflorescence - Terminal umbel with 10 or more main rays. Flowers terminating the dense branches of the inflorescence. Branches of the inflorescence glabrous, the main ones to +2cm long. Pedicels of the flowers glabrous and very short (1-2mm long). Flowers subtended by an involucre of 2 bracts. Bracts green to yellow, reniform, glabrous, cupped around the flowers.

Flowers - Cyathia greenish to yellow, 2-3mm long, with 4 yellowish glands at the apex. Glands 1-1.5mm broad, 1mm long, with 2 horn-like projections at each end. The projections .5mm long. Tissue of the cyathia between the glands erose. Ovary partially exserted beyond the cyathia, 3-sided, with 3 locules (one ovule per locule), -1mm long and broad in flower, on a stalk to 1mm long, both stalk and ovary green, glabrous. Styles 3, united in the basal 1/3, 1mm long, green, glabrous, divided at the apices into 6 stigmas. Stamens many, included or partially exserted from the cyathia. Filaments white, glabrous, to 2mm long. Anthers green, bilobed, .7mm broad, .5mm long.

Euphorbia cyparissias flowers

Flowering - April - August.

Habitat - Cultivated and escaped to fields and roadsides, also found around old homesites.

Origin - Native to Europe.

Other info. - This attractive species can be found cultivated throughout much of Missouri and is persistent around old homesites and cemeteries. Since the plant rarely produces viable seed, it has not become more widespread and weedy. The plant grows easily from a rhizome cutting and requires little care once established.
Steyermark wrote that the plant was used medicinally but poisoning occurred in cases of overuse.

Photographs taken in Barry County, MO., 4-5-04.


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Euphorbia cyparissias L.
cypress spurge

Image of Euphorbia cyparissias

General Information
Symbol: EUCY2
Group: Dicot
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : CAN   I
L48   I
Data Source and Documentation
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Plants-NRCS Logos
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image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Euphorbia thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

©G.A. Cooper. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Department of Botany . United States, DC, Washington, Porter St. at 37th st. Usage Requirements .

©David Brezner. United States, NY, Chemung Co., Elmira, Tanglewood Nature Center, Elevation: 1470ft/448m, Latitude: 42.106, Longitude: -76.877. May 24, 2009. Usage Requirements .

©David Brezner. United States, NY, Chemung Co., Elmira, Tanglewood Nature Center, Elevation: 1470ft/448m, Latitude: 42.106, Longitude: -76.877. May 30, 2010. Usage Requirements .

©David Brezner. United States, NY, Chemung Co., Elmira, Tanglewood Nature Center, Elevation: 1470ft/448m, Latitude: 42.106, Longitude: -76.877. May 30, 2010. Usage Requirements .

©David Brezner. United States, NY, Chemung Co., Elmira, Tanglewood Nature Center, Elevation: 1470ft/448m, Latitude: 42.106, Longitude: -76.877. May 24, 2009. Usage Requirements .

©David Brezner. United States, NY, Chemung Co., Elmira, Tanglewood Nature Center, Elevation: 1470ft/448m, Latitude: 42.106, Longitude: -76.877. May 24, 2009. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 2: 474. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name
GACY2 Galarhoeus cyparissias (L.) Small ex Rydb.
TICY Tithymalus cyparissias (L.) Hill

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Rosidae
Order Euphorbiales
Family Euphorbiaceae – Spurge family
Genus Euphorbia L. – spurge
Species Euphorbia cyparissias L. – cypress spurge

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Noxious Weed Information
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete noxious weed list for that location, or click here for a composite list of all Federal and State Noxious Weeds .
Colorado cypress spurge A list (noxious weeds)
Connecticut cypress spurge Potentially invasive, banned
Massachusetts cypress spurge Prohibited
U.S. Weed Information
Euphorbia cyparissias cypress spurge This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S.
STATE Assorted authors. State noxious weed lists for 46 states . State agriculture or natural resource departments.
WI Hoffman, R.and K. Kearns (eds.). 1997. Wisconsin manual of control recommendations for ecologically invasive plants . Wisconsin Dept. Natural Resources. Madison, Wisconsin.

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (EUCY2)
CalPhotos (EUCY2)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (EUCY2)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (GACY2)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (TICY)
Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (EUCY2)
Kemper Center for Home Gardening (EUCY2)
USDA Forest Service Fire Effects Information System (EUCY2)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (EUCY2)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (EUCY2)
Related Websites
CT-Invasive Non-Native Plant Species Policy (EUCY2)
CT-USDA NRCS Invasive Species Identification Sheets (EUCY2)
Canada-Ontario Noxious Weeds (EUCY2)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Euphorbia+cyparissias&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Euphorbia+cyparissias&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 20
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Euphorbia cyparissias%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Euphorbia cyparissias
Euphorbia cyparissias
Cypress Spurge
(shown with Valeriana montana )
ID: 0000 0000 1004 0406 [detail]
© 2004 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Euphorbia cyparissias
Euphorbia cyparissias
Cypress Spurge
ID: 0000 0000 0505 0014 [detail]
© 2005 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Euphorbia cyparissias
Euphorbia cyparissias
Cypress Spurge
ID: 0000 0000 0505 0015 [detail]
© 2005 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Euphorbia cyparissias
Euphorbia cyparissias
Cypress Spurge
ID: 0000 0000 0505 0016 [detail]
© 2005 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Euphorbia cyparissias
Euphorbia cyparissias
Cypress Spurge
ID: 0000 0000 0505 0017 [detail]
© 2005 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Euphorbia cyparissias
Euphorbia cyparissias
Cypress Spurge
ID: 0000 0000 0505 0018 [detail]
© 2005 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Euphorbia cyparissias
Euphorbia cyparissias
Cypress Spurge
ID: 0000 0000 0108 1359 [detail]
© 2008 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Euphorbia cyparissias
Euphorbia cyparissias
Cypress Spurge
ID: 0000 0000 0108 1358 [detail]
© 2008 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Euphorbia cyparissias
Euphorbia cyparissias
ID: 0000 0000 0506 1915 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Euphorbia cyparissias
Euphorbia cyparissias
ID: 0000 0000 0506 1916 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Euphorbia cyparissias
Euphorbia cyparissias
ID: 0000 0000 0506 1917 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Euphorbia cyparissias
Euphorbia cyparissias
ID: 0000 0000 0506 1918 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Euphorbia cyparissias
Euphorbia cyparissias
Cypress Spurge
(shown with Alchemilla velebitica )
ID: 0000 0000 0108 1357 [detail]
© 2008 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Euphorbia cyparissias
Euphorbia cyparissias
Cypress Spurge
(shown with Acinos alpinus, myosotis sp. )
ID: 0000 0000 0108 1356 [detail]
© 2008 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Euphorbia cyparissias
Euphorbia cyparissias
ID: 3333 1111 0408 0046 [detail]
© University and Jepson Herbaria

Euphorbia cyparissias
Euphorbia cyparissias
ID: 3333 1111 0408 0057 [detail]
© University and Jepson Herbaria

Euphorbia cyparissias
Euphorbia cyparissias
Cypress Spurge
ID: 0000 0000 0510 1817 [detail]
© 2010 Hans J. Koch

Euphorbia cyparissias
Euphorbia cyparissias
Cypress Spurge
ID: 0000 0000 0510 1828 [detail]
© 2010 Hans J. Koch

Euphorbia cyparissias
Euphorbia cyparissias
Cypress Spurge
ID: 0000 0000 0510 1831 [detail]
© 2010 Hans J. Koch

Euphorbia cyparissias
Euphorbia cyparissias
Cypress Spurge
ID: 0000 0000 0510 1836 [detail]
© 2010 Hans J. Koch

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