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Heliopsis helianthoides (L. ) Sweet
ROUGH OXEYE
Smooth oxeye

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Asteraceae   Heliopsis

Heliopsis helianthoides, Ox-eye Sunflower
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 7
Heliopsis helianthoides, Ox-eye Sunflower

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Heliopsis helianthoides
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Heliopsis helianthoides
Heliopsis helianthoides
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Heliopsis helianthoides

Heliopsis helianthoides
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Heliopsis helianthoides
Heliopsis helianthoides
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Heliopsis helianthoides

Heliopsis helianthoides
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Heliopsis helianthoides
Heliopsis helianthoides
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Heliopsis helianthoides

Heliopsis helianthoides
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Heliopsis helianthoides
Heliopsis helianthoides
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Heliopsis helianthoides

Heliopsis helianthoides
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Heliopsis helianthoides
Heliopsis helianthoides
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Heliopsis helianthoides

Heliopsis helianthoides
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Heliopsis helianthoides
Heliopsis helianthoides
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Heliopsis helianthoides

Heliopsis helianthoides
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Heliopsis helianthoides
Heliopsis helianthoides
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Heliopsis helianthoides

Hosts · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
_  2007-09-29 19 @ (1)

2007-09-29 19 @ (1)

2007-09-29 19 @ (1)

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Andrenidae  Andrena rudbeckiae @ B_AW (1)
Aphididae  Uroleucon ( @ NCSU (15)
Apidae  Bombus morrisoni @ UCRC_ENT (1)
Botryosphaeriaceae  Phyllosticta heliopsidis @ BPI (1)
Coccinellidae  Adalia bipunctata @ I_LB (1)
Coleosporiaceae  Coleosporium helianthi @ BPI (2)
Lygaeidae  Lygaeus turcicus @ AMNH_IZC (3)
Megachilidae  Megachile inimica @ BBSL__ERR (1)

Megachile petulans @ BBSL__ERR (1)

Megachile pugnata @ BBSL__ERR (1)
Pucciniaceae  Puccinia batesiana @ BPI (5)

Puccinia helianthi @ BPI (4)
_  Ascochyta compositarum @ BPI (1)

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Following modified from MissouriPlants.com
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Heliopsis helianthoides (L.) Sweet

Ox-Eye

Heliopsis helianthoides plant

Family - Asteraceae

Stems - To 1.5m tall, branching, herbaceous, erect (reclining with age), with scattered appressed antrorse pubescence but pubescence mostly in two opposing vertical lines, scabrous, from caudex.

Leaves - Opposite, petiolate. Petiole to 3cm long, dense antrorse pubescent. Blade to +/-11cm long, +/-6cm broad, ovate to lanceolate, acute to acuminate, serrate, scabrous and deep dull green above, pubescent below.

Heliopsis helianthoides leaves

Inflorescence - Single flower heads terminating stems. Peduncles long, to +20cm, expanded and hollow just below involucre.

Involucre - +/-7mm tall, 12mm in diameter, cylindric. Phyllaries in 2(3) series. Outer phyllaries longer, to 1.4cm long, 3mm broad, slightly expanded at base, densely appressed pubescent, often recurved. Inner phyllaries broader but shorter than outer phyllaries, densely appressed pubescent, reduced inward.

Heliopsis helianthoides involucre Involucre.

Ray flowers - Typically fertile, 10-16 in number. Ligule yellow to yellow-orange, to +/-3cm long, oblong-elliptic, notched at apex(2-3). Achene reddish-purple, 3-angled, sparse pubescent, +3mm long in flower. Pappus absent.

Disk flowers - Disk to 1.5cm broad. Flowers fertile. Corolla orange, 5-lobed. Corolla tube to 5mm long. Achenes smaller than in ray flowers but otherwise similar. Pappus absent. Receptacle conic. Chaff to 6mm long, folded around flowers.

Heliopsis helianthoides flowers

Heliopsis helianthoides flowers close Disk close-up.

Flowering - May - October.

Habitat - Rocky open woods, thickets, prairies, roadsides, railroads.

Origin - Native to U.S.

Other info. - This species is found throughout Missouri and is quite common. The plant is easy to identify because of its orangish ray and disk flowers and its conical disk. H. helianthoides has a longer blooming period than probably any other aster in Missouri and should be cultivated more.
Steyermark lists two varieties of the plant based on leaf and disk size but these integrade and may not be valid, so I won't mention them here.

Photographs taken at Logan Creek, Reynolds County, MO., 5-23-03 and 7-6-03.


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Following modified from Flora of North America
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Link to Flora of North America home
 
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FNA Vol. 21 Page 68 , 69 , 158 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 21 | Asteraceae | Heliopsis

2. Heliopsis helianthoides (Linnaeus) Sweet, Hort. Brit. 487. 1826.

False sunflower, oxeye, smooth oxeye, héliopside faux-hélianthe

Buphthalmum helianthoides Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 904. 1753

Perennials, (40—)80—150 cm. Aerial stems (from creeping rhizomes to 4 cm × 2—6 mm, rhizome internodes mostly 2—10 mm) 1—10+, stramineous to reddish brown, glabrous or hairy. Leaf blades ovate to deltate-lanceolate, 6—12(—15) × 2—6(—12) cm, margins regularly to irregularly and coarsely dentate, apices acute to acuminate, faces glabrous, sparsely pubescent, moderately to densely scabrellous, or scabrous. Heads 1—15+. Peduncles 9—25 cm. Involucres 12—25 mm diam. Phyllaries glabrescent to densely pubescent on margins, apices, and abaxial faces. Paleae lanceolate to oblong, apices obtuse, faces glabrous. Ray florets 10—18; corollas golden yellow, laminae mostly 2—4 cm × 6—13 mm. Disc florets 10—75+; corollas yellowish to brownish yellow (lobes brighter than tubes), 4—5 mm, glabrous. Cypselae 4—5 mm, glabrous or pubescent on angles, smooth; pappi 0 or of 2—4 minute, toothlike scales. 2 n = 28 (variety unknown).

Varieties 2 (2 in the flora): e North America.

As T. R. Fisher (1957) noted, intermediates occur between var. helianthoides and var. scabra , and artificial hybrids show only slightly decreased pollen stainabilities and normal meiotic pairing. Intermediates are especially common in Missouri, Illinois, and New England, and may also be encountered elsewhere in areas of sympatry. In addition to the key characters, var. helianthoides generally has longer petioles, has smaller heads on shorter peduncles, and occupies less-open habitats than var. scabra .

Following modified from CalPhotos
   Top | See original

http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Heliopsis+helianthoides&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Heliopsis+helianthoides&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

CalPhotos    
Contributors       Log In  
 

Number of matches : 47
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Heliopsis helianthoides%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Heliopsis helianthoides
Heliopsis helianthoides
Heliopsis Sunflower
ID: 0000 0000 0604 0374 [detail]
2004 Nick Kurzenko

Heliopsis helianthoides
Heliopsis helianthoides
Heliopsis Sunflower
ID: 0000 0000 0604 0375 [detail]
2004 Nick Kurzenko

Heliopsis helianthoides
Heliopsis helianthoides
Heliopsis Sunflower
ID: 0000 0000 0604 0376 [detail]
2004 Nick Kurzenko

Heliopsis helianthoides
Heliopsis helianthoides
Heliopsis Sunflower
ID: 0000 0000 0604 0377 [detail]
2004 Nick Kurzenko

Heliopsis helianthoides
Heliopsis helianthoides
Oxeye Sunflower
ID: 0000 0000 0604 0409 [detail]
© 2004 Jeff Abbas

Heliopsis helianthoides
Heliopsis helianthoides
Oxeye Sunflower
ID: 0000 0000 0604 0410 [detail]
© 2004 Jeff Abbas

Heliopsis helianthoides
Heliopsis helianthoides
Oxeye Sunflower
ID: 0000 0000 0604 0411 [detail]
© 2004 Jeff Abbas

Heliopsis helianthoides
Heliopsis helianthoides
ID: 0000 0000 0506 2089 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Heliopsis helianthoides
Heliopsis helianthoides
ID: 0000 0000 0506 2090 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Heliopsis helianthoides
Heliopsis helianthoides
ID: 0000 0000 0506 2091 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Heliopsis helianthoides
Heliopsis helianthoides
ID: 0000 0000 0506 2092 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Heliopsis helianthoides
Heliopsis helianthoides
False Sunflower
ID: 0000 0000 1108 0832 [detail]
2008 Nick Kurzenko

Heliopsis helianthoides
Heliopsis helianthoides
False Sunflower
ID: 0000 0000 1108 0833 [detail]
2008 Nick Kurzenko

Heliopsis helianthoides
Heliopsis helianthoides
False Sunflower
ID: 0000 0000 1108 0834 [detail]
2008 Nick Kurzenko

Heliopsis helianthoides
Heliopsis helianthoides
False Sunflower
ID: 0000 0000 1108 0835 [detail]
2008 Nick Kurzenko

Heliopsis helianthoides
Heliopsis helianthoides
False Sunflower
ID: 0000 0000 1108 0836 [detail]
2008 Nick Kurzenko

Heliopsis helianthoides
Heliopsis helianthoides
False Sunflower
ID: 0000 0000 1108 0837 [detail]
2008 Nick Kurzenko

Heliopsis helianthoides
Heliopsis helianthoides
False Sunflower
ID: 0000 0000 1108 0838 [detail]
2008 Nick Kurzenko

Heliopsis helianthoides
Heliopsis helianthoides
Ox-eye Sunflower
ID: 0000 0000 0810 0073 [detail]
© 2010 Jeff Abbas

Heliopsis helianthoides
Heliopsis helianthoides
ID: 0000 0000 1012 2225 [detail]
© 2012 Zoya Akulova

Heliopsis helianthoides
Heliopsis helianthoides
ID: 0000 0000 1012 2226 [detail]
© 2012 Zoya Akulova

Heliopsis helianthoides var. scabra
Heliopsis helianthoides var. scabra
False Sunflower
ID: 0000 1111 1234 1905 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Heliopsis helianthoides var. scabra
Heliopsis helianthoides var. scabra
False Sunflower
ID: 0000 1111 1234 1906 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Heliopsis helianthoides var. scabra
Heliopsis helianthoides var. scabra
False Sunflower
ID: 0000 1111 1234 1907 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


Copyright © 1995-2019 UC Regents. All rights reserved.

CalPhotos is a project of BNHM      University of California, Berkeley

Following modified from CalPhotos
   Top | See original

http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Heliopsis+helianthoides+var.+scabra+&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Heliopsis+helianthoides+var.+scabra+&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

CalPhotos    
Contributors       Log In  
 

Number of matches : 26
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Heliopsis helianthoides var. scabra%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Heliopsis helianthoides var. scabra
Heliopsis helianthoides var. scabra
False Sunflower
ID: 0000 1111 1234 1905 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Heliopsis helianthoides var. scabra
Heliopsis helianthoides var. scabra
False Sunflower
ID: 0000 1111 1234 1906 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Heliopsis helianthoides var. scabra
Heliopsis helianthoides var. scabra
False Sunflower
ID: 0000 1111 1234 1907 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Heliopsis helianthoides var. scabra
Heliopsis helianthoides var. scabra
False Sunflower
ID: 0000 1111 1234 1908 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Heliopsis helianthoides var. scabra
Heliopsis helianthoides var. scabra
False Sunflower
ID: 0000 1111 1234 1909 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Heliopsis helianthoides var. scabra
Heliopsis helianthoides var. scabra
False Sunflower
ID: 0000 1111 1234 1910 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Heliopsis helianthoides var. scabra
Heliopsis helianthoides var. scabra
False Sunflower
ID: 0000 1111 1234 1911 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Heliopsis helianthoides var. scabra
Heliopsis helianthoides var. scabra
False Sunflower
ID: 0000 1111 1234 1912 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Heliopsis helianthoides var. scabra
Heliopsis helianthoides var. scabra
False Sunflower
ID: 0000 1111 1234 1913 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Heliopsis helianthoides var. scabra
Heliopsis helianthoides var. scabra
False Sunflower
ID: 0000 1111 1234 1914 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Heliopsis helianthoides var. scabra
Heliopsis helianthoides var. scabra
False Sunflower
ID: 0000 1111 1234 1915 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Heliopsis helianthoides var. scabra
Heliopsis helianthoides var. scabra
False Sunflower
ID: 0000 1111 1234 1916 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Heliopsis helianthoides var. scabra
Heliopsis helianthoides var. scabra
False Sunflower
ID: 0000 1111 1234 1917 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Heliopsis helianthoides var. scabra
Heliopsis helianthoides var. scabra
False Sunflower
ID: 0000 1111 1234 1918 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Heliopsis helianthoides var. scabra
Heliopsis helianthoides var. scabra
False Sunflower
ID: 0000 1111 1234 1919 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Heliopsis helianthoides var. scabra
Heliopsis helianthoides var. scabra
False Sunflower
ID: 0000 1111 1234 1920 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Heliopsis helianthoides var. scabra
Heliopsis helianthoides var. scabra
False Sunflower
ID: 0000 1111 1234 1921 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Heliopsis helianthoides var. scabra
Heliopsis helianthoides var. scabra
False Sunflower
ID: 0000 1111 1234 1922 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Heliopsis helianthoides var. scabra
Heliopsis helianthoides var. scabra
False Sunflower
ID: 0000 1111 1234 1923 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Heliopsis helianthoides var. scabra
Heliopsis helianthoides var. scabra
False Sunflower
ID: 0000 1111 1234 1924 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Heliopsis helianthoides var. scabra
Heliopsis helianthoides var. scabra
Smooth Oxeye
ID: 0000 0000 1016 0155 [detail]
© 2016 Richard Spellenberg

Heliopsis helianthoides var. scabra
Heliopsis helianthoides var. scabra
Smooth Oxeye
ID: 0000 0000 1016 0156 [detail]
© 2016 Richard Spellenberg

Heliopsis helianthoides var. scabra
Heliopsis helianthoides var. scabra
Smooth Oxeye
ID: 0000 0000 1016 0157 [detail]
© 2016 Richard Spellenberg

Heliopsis helianthoides var. scabra
Heliopsis helianthoides var. scabra
Smooth Oxeye
ID: 0000 0000 1016 0158 [detail]
© 2016 Richard Spellenberg

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


Copyright © 1995-2019 UC Regents. All rights reserved.

CalPhotos is a project of BNHM      University of California, Berkeley

Updated: 2019-11-19 10:16:57 gmt
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