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Ilex L.
HOLLY
Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Aquifoliaceae

Ilex verticillata, Winterberry
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 8
Ilex verticillata, Winterberry

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Ilex verticillata, Winterberry
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 7
Ilex verticillata, Winterberry
Ilex cassine
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Ilex cassine

Ilex cassine
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Ilex cassine
Ilex cassine
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Ilex cassine

Ilex cassine
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Ilex cassine
Ilex cassine
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Ilex cassine

Ilex cassine
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Ilex cassine
Ilex cassine
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Ilex cassine

Ilex cassine
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Ilex cassine
Ilex cassine
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Ilex cassine

Ilex cassine
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Ilex cassine
Ilex cassine
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Ilex cassine

Ilex cassine
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Ilex cassine
Ilex cassine
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Ilex cassine

Ilex myrtifolia.320.jpg
© Photographer/source
Ilex myrtifolia
Ilex sp, _fruit.JP80063_23.320.jpg
© Photographer/source
Ilex sp, fruit
JP80063_23
Kinds

Hosts · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
_  plant @ I_JONA (1)

tree @ I_JONA (4)

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Aleyrodidae  Aleuroplatus berbericolus @ CSCA_TCN (1)

Bemisia berbericola @ CSCA_TCN (2)
Andrenidae  Andrena ilicis @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Andrena imitatrix @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Andrena neonana @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Andrena robertsonii @ UCMS_ENT (10)

Perdita bradleyi @ UCRC_ENT (3)
Aphelinidae  Encarsia @ UCRC_ENT (16)
Aphididae  Macrosiphum ( @ NCSU (3)

Myzus ( @ AMNH_PBI (2)
Arthoniaceae  Arthothelium macrotheca @ GAL (1)

Coniarthonia pyrrhula @ GAL (1)

Cryptothecia striata @ GAL (2)
Cercopidae  Prosapia bicincta @ UDCC_TCN (3)
Coccidae  Ceroplastes ceriferus @ CSCA_TCN (1)

Ceroplastes floridensis @ CSCA_TCN (3)

Coccus hesperidum @ CSCA_TCN (1)

Parasaissetia nigra @ CSCA_TCN (3)

Parthenolecanium corni @ CSCA_TCN (2)

Pulvinaria floccifera @ CSCA_TCN (1)

Pulvinaria @ MEMU_ENT (2)
Collemataceae  Leptogium marginellum @ GAL (1)
Colletidae  Hylaeus sp_affinis_or_modestus @ UCMS_ENT (1)
Delphacidae  Delphacodes lutulenta @ UDCC_TCN (1)
Diaspididae  Abgrallaspis colorata @ MEMU_ENT (7)

Acutaspis perseae @ MEMU_ENT (1)

Aonidiella aurantii @ CSCA_TCN (6)

Aonidiella citrina @ CSCA_TCN (5)

Aspidaspis densiflorae @ CSCA_TCN (1)

Aspidiotus forbesi @ MEMU_ENT (1)

Aspidiotus nerii @ CSCA_TCN (1); MEMU_ENT (1)

Aspidiotus @ MEMU_ENT (3)

Diaspidiotus ancylus @ MEMU_ENT (2)

Diaspidiotus forbesi @ MEMU_ENT (12)

Diaspidiotus juglansregiae @ MEMU_ENT (2)

Diaspidiotus perniciosus @ MEMU_ENT (1)

Diaspis texensis @ CSCA_TCN (2)

Dynaspidiotus britannicus @ CSCA_TCN (3)

Fiorinia theae @ MEMU_ENT (3)

Hemiberlesia lataniae @ MEMU_ENT (5)

Hemiberlesia rapax @ MEMU_ENT (3)

Lepidosaphes beckii @ CSCA_TCN (1)

Niveaspis ilicis @ MEMU_ENT (2)

Parlatoria camelliae @ CSCA_TCN (1)
Encyrtidae  Comperiella @ UCRC_ENT (9)
Graphidaceae  Dyplolabia afzelii @ GAL (2)

Fissurina columbina @ GAL (1)

Graphina incrustans @ GAL (2)

Graphis haleana @ GAL (1)

Graphis illiterata @ GAL (1)

Graphis pavoniana @ GAL (1)

Graphis subelegans @ GAL (1)

Graphis subnitidula @ GAL (2)

Gyrostomum scyphuliferum @ GAL (1)
Halictidae  Lasioglossum pilosum @ UCMS_ENT (1)
Lecanoraceae  Lecanora thysanophora @ GAL (1)
Megachilidae  Heriades variolosa @ UCMS_ENT (1)
Miridae  Goodeniaphila schuhi @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Nesiomiris hawaiiensis @ BPBM_TCN (2)

Orthotylus sp_ms_sydneyensis @ AMNH_PBI (1)
Nabidae  Nabis oscillans @ BPBM_TCN (1)
Parmeliaceae  Bulbothrix goebelii @ GAL (1)

Bulbothrix laevigatula @ GAL (2)

Canoparmelia cryptochlorophaea @ GAL (2)

Flavoparmelia caperata @ GAL (1)

Hypotrachyna livida @ GAL (1)

Parmelinopsis horrescens @ GAL (1)

Parmelinopsis spumosa @ GAL (1)

Protoparmelia isidiata @ GAL (1)

Punctelia rudecta @ GAL (2)
Pertusariaceae  Pertusaria expolita @ GAL (1)

Pertusaria tetrathalamia @ GAL (2)

Pertusaria trachythallina @ GAL (3)
Phlyctidaceae  Phlyctis ludoviciensis @ GAL (1)
Physciaceae  Dirinaria picta @ GAL (1)
Piesmatidae  Mcateella elongata @ AMNH_PBI (1)
Pilocarpaceae  Byssoloma meadii @ GAL (1)
Pyrenulaceae  Pyrenula anomola @ GAL (1)

Pyrenula cruenta @ GAL (3)

Pyrenula leucostoma @ GAL (1)

Pyrenula microcarpa @ GAL (1)
Roccellaceae  Opegrapha viridis @ GAL (1)
Teloschistaceae  Caloplaca holocarpa @ GAL (1)
Thelenellaceae  Julella fallaciosa @ GAL (1)
Thelotremataceae  Nadvornikia sorediata @ GAL (1)

Ocellularia sanfordiana @ GAL (1)
Trypetheliaceae  Bathelium carolinianum @ GAL (1)

Polymeridium proponens @ GAL (1)

Polymeridium quinqueseptatum @ GAL (2)

Trypethelium tropicum @ GAL (2)

Trypethelium virens @ GAL (6)
_  Diplolabia afzelii @ GAL (2)

Minutoexcipula tuckerae @ GAL (1)

Unknown unknown @ UCMS_ENT (1)

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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Ilex L.
holly

Image of Ilex

General Information
Symbol: ILEX
Group: Dicot
Family: Aquifoliaceae
Duration:  
Growth Habit :  
Native Status : CAN   I,N
HI   I,N
L48   I,N
PR   I,N
SPM   N
VI   N
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Ilex thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

slideshow

Synonyms

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Rosidae
Order Celastrales
Family Aquifoliaceae – Holly family
Genus Ilex L. – holly

Subordinate Taxa

The Plants Database includes the following 39 species of Ilex . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Plant is native (blue) Native Plant is introduced Introduced Plant is introduced Native and Introduced Related taxa legend Distribution of <i>
Ilex ambigua</i>
(Michx.) Torr.
Ilex ambigua
Carolina holly Distribution of <i>
Ilex amelanchier</i>
M.A. Curtis ex Chapm.
Ilex amelanchier
sarvis holly Distribution of <i>
Ilex anomala</i>
Hook. & Arn.
Ilex anomala
Hawai'i holly Distribution of <i>
Ilex aquifolium</i>
L.
Ilex aquifolium
English holly Distribution of <i>
Ilex ×attenuata</i>
Ashe [<i>
cassine × opaca</i>
]
Ilex ×attenuata [ cassine × opaca ]
topal holly Distribution of <i>
Ilex buergeri</i>
Miq.
Ilex buergeri
Distribution of <i>
Ilex cassine</i>
L.
Ilex cassine
dahoon Distribution of <i>
Ilex collina</i>
Alexander
Ilex collina
longstalk holly Distribution of <i>
Ilex cookii</i>
Britton & P. Wilson
Ilex cookii
te Distribution of <i>
Ilex coriacea</i>
(Pursh) Chapm.
Ilex coriacea
large gallberry Distribution of <i>
Ilex cornuta</i>
Lindl. & Paxton
Ilex cornuta
Chinese holly Distribution of <i>
Ilex crenata</i>
Thunb.
Ilex crenata
Japanese holly Distribution of <i>
Ilex cuthbertii</i>
Small
Ilex cuthbertii
Cuthbert's holly Distribution of <i>
Ilex decidua</i>
Walter
Ilex decidua
possumhaw Distribution of <i>
Ilex glabra</i>
(L.) A. Gray
Ilex glabra
inkberry Distribution of <i>
Ilex goshiensis</i>
Hayata
Ilex goshiensis
Distribution of <i>
Ilex guianensis</i>
(Aubl.) Kuntze
Ilex guianensis
maconcona Distribution of <i>
Ilex hexandra</i>
Bello [excluded]
Ilex hexandra
Distribution of <i>
Ilex hypaneura</i>
Loes.
Ilex hypaneura
Luquillo Mountain holly Distribution of <i>
Ilex krugiana</i>
Loes.
Ilex krugiana
tawnyberry holly Distribution of <i>
Ilex laevigata</i>
(Pursh) A. Gray
Ilex laevigata
smooth winterberry Distribution of <i>
Ilex longipes</i>
Chapm. ex Trel.
Ilex longipes
Georgia holly Distribution of <i>
Ilex macfadyenii</i>
(Walp.) Rehder
Ilex macfadyenii
Caribbean holly Distribution of <i>
Ilex montana</i>
Torr. & A. Gray ex A. Gray
Ilex montana
mountain holly Distribution of <i>
Ilex mucronata</i>
(L.) Powell, Savolainen & Andrews
Ilex mucronata
catberry Distribution of <i>
Ilex myrtifolia</i>
Walter
Ilex myrtifolia
myrtle dahoon Distribution of <i>
Ilex nitida</i>
(Vahl) Maxim.
Ilex nitida
Puerto Rico holly Distribution of <i>
Ilex obcordata</i>
Sw.
Ilex obcordata
cuero de sapo Distribution of <i>
Ilex opaca</i>
Aiton
Ilex opaca
American holly Distribution of <i>
Ilex paraguariensis</i>
A. St.-Hil.
Ilex paraguariensis
mate Distribution of <i>
Ilex pedunculosa</i>
Miq.
Ilex pedunculosa
Distribution of <i>
Ilex rotunda</i>
Thunb.
Ilex rotunda
Kurogane holly Distribution of <i>
Ilex sandwicensis</i>
(Endl.) Loes.
Ilex sandwicensis
holly Distribution of <i>
Ilex sideroxyloides</i>
(Sw.) Griseb.
Ilex sideroxyloides
gongolin Distribution of <i>
Ilex sugerokii</i>
Maxim.
Ilex sugerokii
Distribution of <i>
Ilex urbaniana</i>
Loes.
Ilex urbaniana
Urban's holly Distribution of <i>
Ilex verticillata</i>
(L.) A. Gray
Ilex verticillata
common winterberry Distribution of <i>
Ilex volkensiana</i>
(Loes.) Kanehira & Hatusima
Ilex volkensiana
holly Distribution of <i>
Ilex vomitoria</i>
Aiton
Ilex vomitoria
yaupon Plant is native (blue) Native Plant is introduced Introduced Plant is introduced Native and Introduced Related taxa legend

Legal Status

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ILEX)
Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (ILEX)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Martin Low Minor Minor Low
Yarrow Low Low Low

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Martin
Yarrow

Sources

Martin, A.C., H.S. Zim, and A.L. Nelson. 1951. American wildlife and plants: A guide to wildlife food habits . Dover Publications. New York.
Yarrow, G.K., and D.T. Yarrow. 1999. Managing wildlife . Sweet Water Press. Birmingham.

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover
High Average 25-50% of diet Regular source of cover
Low 5-10% of diet Infrequently used as cover
Minor 2-5% of diet Sparsely used as cover
Moderate Average 10-25% of diet Occasional source of cover


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Following modified from CalPhotos
   Top | See original

http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Ilex+X+aquipernyi&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Ilex+X+aquipernyi&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

CalPhotos    
Contributors       Log In  
 

Number of matches : 5
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Ilex X aquipernyi%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Ilex X aquipernyi
Ilex X aquipernyi
Hybrid Holly
ID: 0000 0000 1104 0031 [detail]
© 2004 Joseph Dougherty/ecology.org

Ilex X aquipernyi
Ilex X aquipernyi
Hybrid Holly
ID: 0000 0000 1104 0032 [detail]
© 2004 Joseph Dougherty/ecology.org

Ilex X aquipernyi
Ilex X aquipernyi
Hybrid Holly
ID: 0000 0000 1104 0033 [detail]
© 2004 Joseph Dougherty/ecology.org

Ilex X aquipernyi
Ilex X aquipernyi
Hybrid Holly
ID: 0000 0000 1104 0034 [detail]
© 2004 Joseph Dougherty/ecology.org

Ilex X aquipernyi
Ilex X aquipernyi
Hybrid Holly
ID: 0000 0000 1104 0035 [detail]
© 2004 Joseph Dougherty/ecology.org

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


Copyright © 1995-2019 UC Regents. All rights reserved.

CalPhotos is a project of BNHM      University of California, Berkeley

Following modified from CalPhotos
   Top | See original

http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Ilex+X+meserveae&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Ilex+X+meserveae&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

CalPhotos    
Contributors       Log In  
 

Number of matches : 3
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Ilex X meserveae%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Ilex X meserveae
Ilex X meserveae
Meserve Holly
ID: 0000 0000 0506 2159 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Ilex X meserveae
Ilex X meserveae
Meserve Holly
ID: 0000 0000 0506 2160 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Ilex X meserveae
Ilex X meserveae
Meserve Holly
ID: 0000 0000 0107 0954 [detail]
© 2007 Louis-M. Landry

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


Copyright © 1995-2019 UC Regents. All rights reserved.

CalPhotos is a project of BNHM      University of California, Berkeley

Following modified from CalPhotos
   Top | See original

http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Ilex+sp.&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Ilex+sp.&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

CalPhotos    
Contributors       Log In  
 

Number of matches : 6
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Ilex sp.%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Ilex sp.
Ilex sp.
Holly
ID: 2222 0604 0002 0005 [detail]
© University of California Museum of Paleontology

Ilex sp.
Ilex sp.
Holly
ID: 2222 0604 0002 0006 [detail]
© University of California Museum of Paleontology

Ilex sp.
Ilex sp.
Holly
ID: 0000 0000 1102 0201 [detail]
© 2002 University of California Museum of Paleontology

Ilex sp.
Ilex sp.
Holly
ID: 0000 0000 0102 0375 [detail]
© 1986 Joe DiTomaso

Ilex sp.
Ilex sp.
ID: 0000 0000 0304 0419 [detail]
2004 Nick Kurzenko

Ilex sp.
Ilex sp.
ID: 0000 0000 0304 0420 [detail]
2004 Nick Kurzenko

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


Copyright © 1995-2019 UC Regents. All rights reserved.

CalPhotos is a project of BNHM      University of California, Berkeley

Updated: 2019-06-15 21:10:29 gmt
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