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Lilium catesbaei Walter
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Lilium catesbaei
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 4
Lilium catesbaei

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Lilium catesbaei
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 4
Lilium catesbaei
Lilium catesbaei
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 4
Lilium catesbaei

Lilium catesbaei
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 4
Lilium catesbaei
Lilium catesbaei
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 4
Lilium catesbaei

Lilium catesbaei
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 4
Lilium catesbaei
Lilium catesbaei
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 4
Lilium catesbaei
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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=LICA4 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=LICA4
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=LICA4 ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=LICA4
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=LICA4 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=LICA4
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Lilium catesbaei Walter
pine lily

Image of Lilium catesbaei

General Information
Symbol: LICA4
Group: Monocot
Family: Liliaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : L48   N
Data Source and Documentation
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Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   


click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Lilium thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Mark A. Garland. United States, GA, Thomas Co., Thomasville, Greenwood Plantation. Usage Requirements .

Mark A. Garland. United States, GA, Thomas Co., Thomasville, Greenwood Plantation. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 1: 503. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .




Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Liliopsida – Monocotyledons
Subclass Liliidae
Order Liliales
Family Liliaceae – Lily family
Genus Lilium L. – lily
Species Lilium catesbaei Walter – pine lily

Subordinate Taxa

The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Lilium catesbaei . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Plant is native (blue) Native Plant is introduced Introduced Plant is introduced Native and Introduced Related taxa legend Distribution of <i>
Lilium catesbaei</i>
Walter ssp. <i>
Lilium catesbaei ssp. asperellum
pine lily Distribution of <i>
Lilium catesbaei</i>
Walter ssp. <i>
catesbaei </i>
Lilium catesbaei ssp. catesbaei
pine lily

Legal Status

Threatened and Endangered Information:
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location.
Florida Catesby lily Threatened

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FACW
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FACW

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (LICA4)
Flora of North America (LICA4)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (LICA4)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (LICA4)
USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (LICA4)



Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds


Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover

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Following modified from Flora of North America
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Link to Flora of North America home
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FNA Vol. 26 Page 173, 175, 178, 179 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 26 | Liliaceae | Lilium

2. Lilium catesbaei Walter, Fl. Carol. 123. 1788.

Pine lily

Lilium catesbaei subsp. asprellum Wherry; L. catesbaei var. longii Fernald

Bulbs ovoid, 1.6—2.5 × 1.3—2.4 cm, 0.8—1.6 times taller than long, 2 years' growth evident, newer bearing prominent basal leaves, older with abscission scars; scales few, loose, unsegmented or 2-segmented, longest 1—1.8 cm; stem roots usually present, often numerous. Stems to 0.9 m. Buds rounded in cross section. Leaves scattered, ascending, distal appressed, 1.8—8.2 × 0.2—1.2 cm, 3.1—10.5 times longer than wide; blade narrowly elliptic, sometimes linear or slightly oblanceolate, margins not undulate, apex acute, acuminate especially in distal leaves; veins and margins ± smooth abaxially. Inflorescences occasionally umbellate, 1(—3)-flowered. Flowers erect, not fragrant; perianth widely campanulate; sepals and petals recurved 2/5—1/2 along length from base, crimson or sometimes pink, distinctly clawed, apex very narrowly acute, nectar guides above claws yellow to pale yellow and spotted maroon or magenta, ± equal; sepals not ridged abaxially, 8.2—12 × 1.2—1.9 cm; petals at proximal widest point much wider than sepals, 7.6—11.1 × 1.8—3.4 cm; stamens moderately exserted; filaments ± parallel to style, barely spreading, diverging 0°—12° from axis, often purple at base; anthers variously colored tan-orange, brown, peachy magenta, or pale greenish, 0.4—1.6 cm; pollen burnt orange or dark tan; pistil 7.6—10.5 cm; ovary 1.4—3.5 cm; style pale green, sometimes darker distally; pedicel 1.8—9.5 cm. Capsules often ridged along valve margins, 2.2—5.3 × 0.8—1.6 cm, 1.7—3.8 times longer than wide. Seeds not counted. 2n = 24.

Flowering late summer--fall (late Jun--Oct) in most of range, sporadically spring and fall in peninsular Florida. Wet pine flatwoods and savannas, especially in pitcher plant (Sarracenia) bogs with Sphagnum; 0--200 m; Ala., Fla., Ga., La., Miss., N.C., S.C., Va.

The pine lily's flower is the largest of any North American lily and one of the largest among our native monocots. In small plants it dwarfs and sometimes topples the slender stem. Leaves are small and relatively few and the bulb is petite, and thus resource limitation in smaller plants undoubtedly contributes to the wide range of fruit sizes within populations. In other North American members of the genus, small plants produce one or a few capsules, but typically these approach normal size.

Lilium catesbaei subsp. asprellum Wherry and L. catesbaei var. longii Fernald have been proposed to account for individuals with leaves concentrated toward the middle of the stem or somewhat wide and lacking basal leaves, respectively. These variants are not emphasized here since both are based primarily on vegetative features that vary greatly in most lilies. Isotypes of var. longii are unremarkable, though with somewhat wide leaves, and the broadly overlapping distribution of this variety with nominate populations (A. E. Radford et al. 1968) strongly suggests that such differences are primarily environmentally induced. Variety longii was described from Virginia, and Fernald's observation that these northern plants lack basal leaves—which I have not investigated in the field—is unsurprising in those colder climates, and best considered in terms of the normal variation within a fairly wide-ranging species. Although it is not yet rare, widespread alteration of native longleaf pine (Pinus palustris Miller) and slash pine (P. elliottii Engelmann) savanna, especially conversion to even-age pine plantations, is making steady inroads on populations of this most beautiful lily. It is adapted to frequent fires, and their suppression may contribute to this decline. Lilium catesbaei is pollinated primarily by the palamedes swallowtail [Papilio palamedes (Drury), family Papilionidae], the only swallowtail that is widely endemic to this lily's coastal plain habitat. Spicebush swallowtails (P. troilus Linnaeus) visit the pine lily less frequently, and their smaller size suggests that they are less effective pollinators than the larger palamedes.

Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Lilium+catesbaei&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Lilium+catesbaei&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 4
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Lilium catesbaei%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Lilium catesbaei
Lilium catesbaei
Catesby's Lily
ID: 0000 0000 1213 0299 [detail]
© 2013 Simon J. Tonge

Lilium catesbaei
Lilium catesbaei
Catesby's Lily
ID: 0000 0000 1213 0300 [detail]
© 2013 Simon J. Tonge

Lilium catesbaei
Lilium catesbaei
ID: 0000 0000 1116 3029 [detail]
© 2016 Barry Rice

Lilium catesbaei
Lilium catesbaei
Pine Lily
ID: 0000 0000 1216 1909 [detail]
© 2016 Mike Wang

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