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Lilium maritimum Kellogg
COAST LILY
Life   Plantae   Monocotyledoneae   Liliaceae   Lilium


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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=LIMA ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=LIMA
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=LIMA ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=LIMA
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Lilium maritimum Kellogg
coast lily

Image of Lilium maritimum

General Information
Symbol: LIMA
Group: Monocot
Family: Liliaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : L48   N
Data Source and Documentation
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Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

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Brother Alfred Brousseau. Provided by St. Mary's College of California . ©St. Mary's College of California. Usage Requirements .

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Synonyms

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Liliopsida – Monocotyledons
Subclass Liliidae
Order Liliales
Family Liliaceae – Lily family
Genus Lilium L. – lily
Species Lilium maritimum Kellogg – coast lily

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Arid West FACW
Western Mountains, Valleys, and Coast FACW

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Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (LIMA)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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Following modified from Flora of North America
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Link to Flora of North America home
 
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FNA Vol. 26 Page 175, 176, 184, 187 , 197 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 26 | Liliaceae | Lilium

11. Lilium maritimum Kellogg, Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. 6: 140. 1875.

Coast lily

Bulbs rhizomatous, often irregular, unbranched, continuously scaly, 1.8—4.1 × 3—7.4 cm, 0.3—0.9 times taller than long; scales usually unsegmented, a few 2-segmented, longest 1.5—3.8 cm; stem roots absent. Stems to 1.2(—2.3) m, plants on coastal bluffs shorter than 0.25 m. Buds rounded in cross section. Leaves sometimes concentrated proximally, scattered or usually in 1—3 whorls or partial whorls, 3—17 leaves per whorl, horizontal and drooping at tips to ascending, 3.6—17.7 × 0.3—4.7 cm, 2.4—18 times longer than wide; blade elliptic, sometimes narrowly so, rarely weakly oblanceolate or obovate, margins not undulate, apex acute or narrowly so; veins and margins ± smooth abaxially. Inflorescences racemose, 1—13-flowered. Flowers nodding, rarely horizontal, not fragrant; perianth campanulate; sepals and petals reflexed or rolled 1/2—4/5 along length from base, red or red-orange, with maroon spots concentrated proximally along longitudinal median and surrounded by light orange or occasionally yellow-green, not distinctly clawed; sepals not ridged abaxially, 3.4—5 × 0.9—1.3 cm; petals 3.5—5 × 0.9—1.3 cm; stamens included; filaments somewhat spreading, diverging 3°—14° from axis; anthers light magenta, 0.4—1.2 cm; pollen orange; pistil 2.2—3.2 cm; ovary 1—1.8 cm; style green; pedicel 6.3—32 cm. Capsules 2.4—4.1 × 1.2—2 cm, 1.5—2.4 times longer than wide. Seeds 120—237. 2n = 24.

Flowering summer (late May--Jul). Coastal prairies, north coastal scrub, sundew (Drosera spp.) bogs, gaps in closed-cone pine forests; of conservation concern; 0--200 m; Calif.

Lilium maritimum is known in California from below San Francisco to about Westport in Mendocino County, and invariably grows within a few miles of the ocean. The coast lily has suffered grave declines in the past century and has been extirpated from the southern part of its range. The recent rediscovery of a population in Marin County at Point Reyes National Seashore is heartening, but development of coastal prairie farther north continues to be a threat.

The combination of nodding habit and campanulate perianth with rolled sepal and petal tips is unique among the North American lilies. Hybrids with Lilium pardalinum are known; these can be clonal and their flowers are morphologically intermediate between the parents. Lilium maritimum is pollinated sequentially, first by Allen's [Selasphorus sassin (Lesson), family Trochilidae] and Anna's hummingbirds [Calypte anna (Lesson)], and later in the blooming cycle by several different bumblebees (Bombus Latrielle, family Apidae).

Following modified from CalPhotos
   Top | See original

http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Lilium+maritimum&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Lilium+maritimum&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 84
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Lilium maritimum%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Lilium maritimum
Lilium maritimum
Coast Lily
ID: 8311 3292 1958 0068 [detail]
© 1999 John Game

Lilium maritimum
Lilium maritimum
Coast Lily
ID: 6105 1651 0977 0029 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Lilium maritimum
Lilium maritimum
Coast Lily
ID: 8253 3202 4146 0002 [detail]
Gladys Lucille Smith
© 1999 California Academy of Sciences

Lilium maritimum
Lilium maritimum
Coast Lily
ID: 6105 1651 0977 0019 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Lilium maritimum
Lilium maritimum
Coast Lily
ID: 1335 3153 0213 0031 [detail]
Robert Potts
© 2002 California Academy of Sciences

Lilium maritimum
Lilium maritimum
Coast Lily
ID: 6105 1651 0977 0026 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Lilium maritimum
Lilium maritimum
Coast Lily
ID: 1335 3153 0673 0104 [detail]
Gerald and Buff Corsi
© 2002 California Academy of Sciences

Lilium maritimum
Lilium maritimum
Coast Lily
ID: 6105 1651 0977 0021 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Lilium maritimum
Lilium maritimum
Coast Lily
ID: 6105 1651 0977 0027 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Lilium maritimum
Lilium maritimum
Coast Lily
ID: 6105 1651 0977 0030 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Lilium maritimum
Lilium maritimum
Coast Lily
ID: 6105 1651 0977 0015 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Lilium maritimum
Lilium maritimum
Coast Lily
ID: 6105 1651 0977 0024 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Lilium maritimum
Lilium maritimum
Coast Lily
ID: 6105 1651 0977 0017 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Lilium maritimum
Lilium maritimum
Coast Lily
ID: 8253 3202 4146 0003 [detail]
Gladys Lucille Smith
© 1999 California Academy of Sciences

Lilium maritimum
Lilium maritimum
Coast Lily
ID: 6105 1651 0977 0025 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Lilium maritimum
Lilium maritimum
Coast Lily
ID: 6105 1651 0977 0020 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Lilium maritimum
Lilium maritimum
Coast Lily
ID: 6105 1651 0977 0018 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Lilium maritimum
Lilium maritimum
Coast Lily
ID: 6105 1651 0977 0023 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Lilium maritimum
Lilium maritimum
Coast Lily
ID: 6105 1651 0977 0014 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Lilium maritimum
Lilium maritimum
Coast Lily
ID: 6105 1651 0977 0032 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Lilium maritimum
Lilium maritimum
Coast Lily
ID: 8311 3292 1958 0067 [detail]
© 1999 John Game

Lilium maritimum
Lilium maritimum
Coast Lily
ID: 8120 3181 4016 0083 [detail]
Charles Webber
© 1998 California Academy of Sciences

Lilium maritimum
Lilium maritimum
Coast Lily
ID: 6105 1651 0977 0016 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Lilium maritimum
Lilium maritimum
Coast Lily
ID: 0000 0000 0302 0219 [detail]
© 2001 Doreen L. Smith

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


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