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Lilium michiganense Farw.
Life   Plantae   Monocotyledoneae   Liliaceae   Lilium

Lilium michiganense, flower
© Kay Yatskievych, 2003 · 1
Lilium michiganense, flower

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Lilium michiganense, plant
© George Yatskievych, 2003 · 1
Lilium michiganense, plant
Lilium michiganense, flower
© George Yatskievych, 2003 · 1
Lilium michiganense, flower

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Cercosporella inconspicua @ BPI (2)
Pucciniaceae  Uromyces holwayi @ BPI (3)
Sclerotiniaceae  Botrytis elliptica @ BPI (1)

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Lilium michiganense Farw.

Michigan Lily

Lilium michiganense plant

Family - Liliaceae

Stems - Flowering (aerial) stems to 2m tall, glabrous, glaucous, herbaceous. Stems arise from a scaly bulb.

Lilium michiganense stem

Leaves - Typically whorled, to +12cm long, 5cm broad, lanceolate to elliptic, glabrous above. Under-surface and margins with tiny teeth. Leaves sometimes alternate just below inflorescence and at the very base of stem.

Lilium michiganense leaves

Inflorescence - One to +5 nodding flowers on long pedicels terminating stem.

Flowers - Perianth (tepals) 6, mostly red with a yellow base and brown speckles, recurved, to +10cm long. Stamens 6, exserted well beyond perianth. Style 1. Stigma 3-lobed.

Lilium michiganense flower

Lilium michiganense flower

Flowering - June - July.

Habitat - Low woods, moist ground, slopes, bluffs, roadsides, railroads.

Origin - Native to U.S.

Other info. - This is an easily recognized lily which is often cultivated. The perianth may vary in color with cultivation. Plants in cultivation can also have many more than 5 flowers terminating the stem. This is the most common lily found in the state. Some authors list this plant as a subspecies of L. canadense L.

Photograph taken at Pultite Spring, Shannon County, MO., 6-27-04.

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https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=LIMI9 ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=LIMI9
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=LIMI9 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=LIMI9
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Lilium michiganense Farw.
Michigan lily

Image of Lilium michiganense

General Information
Symbol: LIMI9
Group: Monocot
Family: Liliaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : CAN   N
L48   N
Data Source and Documentation
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Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   


click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Lilium thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

©Thomas G. Barnes. Usage Requirements .

©Thomas G. Barnes. Barnes, T.G., and S.W. Francis. 2004. Wildflowers and ferns of Kentucky . University Press of Kentucky. Usage Requirements .



Symbol Scientific Name
LICAM Lilium canadense L. ssp. michiganense (Farw.) B. Boivin & Cody
LICAU Lilium canadense L. var. umbelliferum (Farw.) B. Boivin
LIMIU Lilium michiganense Farw. var. uniflorum


Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Liliopsida – Monocotyledons
Subclass Liliidae
Order Liliales
Family Liliaceae – Lily family
Genus Lilium L. – lily
Species Lilium michiganense Farw. – Michigan lily

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Threatened and Endangered Information:
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location.
New York Michigan lily Endangered
Tennessee Michigan lily Threatened

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FACW
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FACW
Great Plains FACW
Midwest FACW
Northcentral & Northeast FACW

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (LIMI9)
Flora of North America (LIMI9)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (LICAM)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (LICAU)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (LIMI9)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (LIMIU)
Kemper Center for Home Gardening (LIMI9)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (LIMI9)
Native Plants Network (LIMI9)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (LIMI9)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (LIMI9)



Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds


Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover

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Following modified from Flora of North America
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Link to Flora of North America home
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FNA Vol. 26 Page 177, 192, 193, 195 , 196 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 26 | Liliaceae | Lilium

20. Lilium michiganense Farwell, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club. 42: 353. 1915.

Michigan lily

Lilium canadense Linnaeus subsp. michiganense (Farwell) B. Boivin & Cody; L. canadense var. umbelliferum (Farwell) B. Boivin; L. michiganense var. umbelliferum Farwell; L. michiganense var. uniflorum Farwell

Bulbs usually yellowish, rhizomatous, unbranched, 1.6—5.8 × 4.9—14.1 cm, 0.3—0.5 times taller than long, 2 years' growth evident as annual bulbs, scaleless sections between these 2.6—6.2 cm; scales unsegmented, longest 1—3 cm; stem roots present or absent. Stems to 1.9 m. Buds rounded in cross section. Leaves in 4—12 whorls or partial whorls, 3—13 leaves per whorl, ± horizontal or ascending in sun, drooping at tips, 4.6—15.3 × 0.6—2.3 cm, 3.5—13.7 times longer than wide; blade narrowly elliptic, occasionally linear or slightly lanceolate, margins not undulate, apex acute, acuminate in distal leaves; principal and some secondary veins impressed adaxially, veins and margins noticeably roughened abaxially with tiny ± deltoid epidermal spicules, especially on proximal leaves. Inflorescences racemose, 1—11-flowered. Flowers ± pendent, not fragrant; perianth Turk's-cap-shaped; sepals and petals reflexed 1/4—2/5 along length from base, yellow-orange or sometimes orange-yellow or orange proximally, red-orange distally, with maroon, often large spots, red-orange or occasionally red or orange-red abaxially, not distinctly clawed; sepals not ridged abaxially, 5.5—9.3 × 1.2—2 cm; petals 5.3—9.1 × 1.5—2.2 cm; stamens moderately exserted; filaments parallel at first, then ± widely spreading, diverging 13°—23° from axis, pale yellow-green; anthers magenta or occasionally pink-magenta, 0.6—1.3 cm; pollen orange-rust, sometimes orange, rust, or rust-brown; pistil 3.4—6.5 cm; ovary 1.5—2.9 cm; style red entirely or only distally; pedicel 11—22 cm. Capsules 2.8—5 × 1.5—2.6 cm, 1.4—2.8 times longer than wide. Seeds not counted. 2n = 24.

Flowering summer (mid Jun--Jul). Tallgrass prairies, streamsides, swamps and bottoms, moist woodland edges, lakeshores, ditches along roads and railways, often calciphilic; 100--600 m; Ont.; Ark., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., Mich., Minn., Mo., Nebr., N.Y., Ohio, Okla., S.Dak., Tenn., Wis.

B. Boivin and W. J. Cody (1956) proposed uniting Lilium michiganense and L. superbum as subspecies of L. canadense on the basis of overall similarity, though it is now well accepted that L. superbum does not belong there. There can be little doubt as to the close relationship between L. michiganense and L. canadense, however, and vegetatively the two are often indistinguishable. Hybrid intermediates occur across a wide band where the distributions meet in central Ohio and northwestern New York (R. M. Adams and W. J. Dress 1982). It would not be unreasonable to include L. grayi and treat them as subspecies, but floral differences among the three are comparable to those between other species in the genus.

Farwell's proposed varieties uniflorum and umbelliferum were described from young plants with single flowers and umbellate inflorescences respectively, but young plants with these characteristics are found throughout the range of this species. Plants examined from east-central Tennessee (e.g., Wayne and Coffee counties) that were previously referred to Lilium michiganense are L. superbum in some cases, in others L. canadense perhaps introgressed with L. michiganense. The Michigan lily often co-occurs in tallgrass prairies with Lilium philadelphicum; here as everywhere it usually blooms much later. However, it flowers earlier than L. canadense where their ranges are contiguous in Ohio (E. L. Braun 1967). Lilium michiganense is pollinated primarily by swallowtail butterflies; in the southern part of its range these include the pipevine [Battus philenor (Linnaeus), family Papilionidae]. Great spangled fritillaries [Speyeria cybele (Fabricius), family Nymphalidae] also visit this species and carry its pollen, though it is unlikely that this brushfooted butterfly is a major pollinator.

Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Lilium+michiganense+&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Lilium+michiganense+&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 9
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Lilium michiganense%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Lilium michiganense
Lilium michiganense
Michigan Lily
ID: 0000 1111 1234 5127 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Lilium michiganense
Lilium michiganense
Michigan Lily
ID: 0000 1111 1234 5128 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Lilium michiganense
Lilium michiganense
Michigan Lily
ID: 0000 1111 1234 5129 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Lilium michiganense
Lilium michiganense
Michigan Lily
ID: 0000 1111 1234 5130 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Lilium michiganense
Lilium michiganense
Michigan Lily
ID: 0000 1111 1234 5131 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Lilium michiganense
Lilium michiganense
Michigan Lily
ID: 0000 1111 1234 5132 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Lilium michiganense
Lilium michiganense
Michigan Lily
ID: 0000 1111 1234 5133 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Lilium michiganense
Lilium michiganense
Michigan Lily
ID: 0000 1111 1234 5134 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Lilium michiganense
Lilium michiganense
Michigan Lily
ID: 0000 1111 1234 5135 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   

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