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Magnolia pyramidata Bartram
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Magnolia pyramidata W. Bartram
pyramid magnolia

General Information
Symbol: MAPY
Group: Dicot
Family: Magnoliaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Tree
Native Status : L48   N
Data Source and Documentation
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Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   




Symbol Scientific Name
MAFRP Magnolia fraseri Walter ssp. pyramidata (W. Bartram) A.E. Murray
MAFRP2 Magnolia fraseri Walter var. pyramidata (W. Bartram) Pamp.


Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Magnoliidae
Order Magnoliales
Family Magnoliaceae – Magnolia family
Genus Magnolia L. – magnolia
Species Magnolia pyramidata W. Bartram – pyramid magnolia

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Threatened and Endangered Information:
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location.
Florida pyramid magnolia Endangered

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

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ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (MAPY)
Flora of North America (MAPY)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (MAPY)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (MAPY)
The Center for Plant Conservation (MAPY)
USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (MAPY)
Related Websites
http://www.floraofalabama.org (MAPY)



Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds


Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover

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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 3 | Magnoliaceae | Magnolia

4. Magnolia pyramidata W. Bartram, Travels Carolina. 408. 1791.

Pyramid magnolia

Magnolia auriculata W.Bartram var. pyramidata (W.Bartram) Nuttall; M. fraseri Walter subsp. pyramidata (W.Bartram) E. Murray; M. fraseri var. pyramidata (W.Bartram) Pampanini; M. macrophylla Michaux var. pyramidata Nuttall

Trees , deciduous, single-trunked, to 11.9 m. Bark gray, smooth. Pith homogeneous. Twigs and foliar buds glabrous. Leaves crowded in terminal whorl-like clusters; stipules 5.4-7 × 2.5-3 cm, abaxially glandular. Leaf blade predominantly pandurate to broadly rhombic-spatulate, broadest above middle, abruptly tapering to base, 18-25(-30) × 7.8-14 cm, base deeply cordate to auriculate, or somewhat truncate, apex acute to short-acuminate; surfaces abaxially glaucous, glabrous, adaxially dull deep green. Flowers fragrant, 12-18 cm across; spathaceous bracts 2, abaxially glandular; tepals creamy white; stamens 83-137(-150), 4.5-8(-10.5) mm; filaments white; pistils 36-60. Follicetums ellipsoid, 4-6 × 2.5-3.5 cm, glabrous; follicles recurved, short-beaked, glabrous. Seeds lenticular, 7-8 mm, aril red. 2 n =38.

Flowering spring. Rich woods and river bluffs, mostly coastal plain, sometimes lower piedmont; 0-120m; Ala., Fla., Ga., La., Miss., S.C., Tex.

Confined largely to the coastal plain, Magnolia pyramidata differs from the allopatric M. fraseri in being a smaller tree with a narrower, pyramidal habit; M. pyramidata is very local and nowhere abundant. Morphologically, M. pyramidata differs from M. fraseri in the pandurate leaf blades, smaller flowers and stipules, fewer stamens and pistils, and smaller follicetums. Magnolia pyramidata is occasionally cultivated, but it is less hardy than M. fraseri.

The largest known tree of Magnolia pyramidata , 11.9m in height with a trunk diameter of 69 cm, is recorded from Newton County, Texas (American Forestry Association 1994).

Updated: 2019-10-23 19:16:26 gmt
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