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Matthiola longipetala (Vent.) Dc.
Night-scented Stock; Matthiola oxyceras Dc; Night Scented Stock; Matthiola bicornis (Sm) Dc

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Brassicaceae   Matthiola

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Matthiola longipetala (Vent.) DC.
night scented stock

Image of Matthiola longipetala

General Information
Symbol: MALO3
Group: Dicot
Family: Brassicaceae
Duration: Annual
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : CAN   W
L48   I
Data Source and Documentation
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Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   


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Symbol Scientific Name
MABI3 Matthiola bicornis (Sm.) DC.
MALOB Matthiola longipetala (Vent.) DC. ssp. bicornis (Sm.) P.W. Ball


Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Dilleniidae
Order Capparales
Family Brassicaceae ⁄ Cruciferae – Mustard family
Genus Matthiola W.T. Aiton – stock
Species Matthiola longipetala (Vent.) DC. – night scented stock

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

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ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (MALO3)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (MABI3)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (MALO3)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (MALOB)
Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (MALO3)



Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds


Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover

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Following modified from Flora of North America
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Link to Flora of North America home
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FNA Vol. 7 Page 254 , 255 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 7 | Brassicaceae | Matthiola

2. Matthiola longipetala (Ventenat) de Candolle, Syst. Nat. 2: 174. 1821.

Cheiranthus longipetalus Ventenat, Descr. Pl. Nouv., plate 93. 1802; C. bicornis Sibthorp & Smith; Matthiola bicornis (Sibthorp & Smith) de Candolle; M. longipetala subsp. bicornis (Sibthorp & Smith) P. W. Ball

Annuals; sparsely to moderately pubescent, (glandular papillae present or not). Stems erect or ascending to decumbent, (1-)1.5-5(-6) dm, pubescent, (glandular or not). Basal leaves not forming vegetative rosettes. Cauline leaves: petiole to 2 cm or (distal) sessile; blade linear-lanceolate to lanceolate or oblanceolate, (2-)3.5-8(-11) cm × 2-10(-20) mm (smaller distally), base attenuate to cuneate, margins usually pinnatisect to sinuate or dentate, rarely entire or subentire. Fruiting pedicels divaricate to divaricate-ascending, straight, (0.5-) 1-2(-3) mm, nearly as thick as fruit. Flowers: sepals narrowly oblong, (7-)8-11(-12.5) × 1-2 mm; petals usually purple, pink, yellow, or brown, rarely white, oblong to linear-lanceolate, (15-)18-23(-27) × 2-4(-5) mm, claw 7-13 mm, (margin crisped), apex subacute to obtuse; filaments 4-6 mm; anthers 2.5-3.5 mm. Fruits ascending to divaricate or, rarely, descending, straight, terete, (2.5-)4-8.5(-10) cm × 1-2 mm; valves pubescent, (often glandular); style obsolete to 3 mm; stigma horns 2, straight or curved upward, sometimes reflexed, 2-8 (-12) mm. Seeds suborbicular to oblong or ovate, 1-2 × 0.8-1.2 mm; wing 0.1-0.2 mm. 2 n = 14.

Flowering Mar-Jun. Roadsides, disturbed areas, waste grounds, fields; 700-1300 m; introduced; Alta., Ont., Sask.; Ariz., Calif., Tex.; Europe; c, w Asia; n Africa; introduced also in Australia.

Matthiola longipetala is sporadically naturalized in North America and Australia.

Updated: 2019-10-19 09:57:51 gmt
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