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Physalis longifolia Nutt.
Physalis virginiana Mill; Physalis virginiana Mill var virginiana; Physalis virginiana Mill f virginina; Physalis pumila var sonorae Torr; Physalis macrophysa Rydb; Physalis virginiana f macrophysa Rydb Waterf; Physalis virginiana var sonorae Torr Waterf

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Solanaceae   Physalis

Physalis longifolia, seed
© Copyright Seeds USID 2015 · 1
Physalis longifolia, seed

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Physalis longifolia, seed
© Copyright Seeds USID 2015 · 1
Physalis longifolia, seed

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Andrenidae  Perdita halictoides @ BBSL (3)
Colletidae  Colletes latitarsis @ AMNH_BEE (2)
Entylomataceae  Entyloma australe @ BPI (3)
Halictidae  Lasioglossum pectinatum @ CUIC_ENT (1)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Cercospora physalidis @ BPI (7)
Pucciniaceae  Puccinia physalidis @ BPI (3)
Uropyxidaceae  Aecidium physalidis @ BPI (6)

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Following modified from MissouriPlants.com
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Physalis longifolia Nutt.

Ground Cherry

Physalis longifolia plant

Family - Solanaceae

Stems - To +1m tall, from caudex (well below ground), herbaceous, angled, purple-green, glabrous or with a few appressed hairs on angles (strigillose), minutely winged on angles, (wings -1mm broad), branching (divergent) above, typically erect but also reclining with age.

Physalis longifolia stem

Leaves - Alternate, petiolate. Blade lanceolate to ovate, glabrous or sparse pubescent above, typically oblique at base, to +15cm long, +9cm broad. Margins entire to sinuate or coarsely dentate. Midrib purple with antrorse appressed pubescence. Petiole to +4cm long, winged.

Inflorescence - Single axillary flowers on peduncle to 2cm long. Peduncles antrorse strigillose, elongating in fruit.

Flowers - Pendant. Corolla funnelform, +2cm broad, sparse pubescent externally, dense pubescent(tomentose) internally in tube, yellow with purple at base. Corolla tube 5-6mm long. Stamens 5, adnate at base of corolla tube. Filaments thick, purple, clavate, glabrous, 5-6mm long. Anthers yellow 3.5mm long. Ovary green, glabrous, subglobose, 2-locular. Calyx tubular, 5-lobed, antrorse strigose. Tube to 5mm long. Lobes acuminate, to 6mm long, 4mm broad at base. Calyx tube inflating at maturity and surrounding fruit, to 3cm long, -3cm in diameter. Fruit pendant.

Physalis longifolia calyx Calyx.

Physalis longifolia flower Corolla and stamens.

Physalis longifolia fruit Fruit.

Flowering - May - September.

Habitat - Rich woods, ravines, bases of slopes, streambanks, thickets, pastures, disturbed sites, roadsides, railroads.

Origin - Native to U.S.

Other info. - Steyermark lists 4 variations for this species. I will not go into those here as it may be that they are no longer considered valid. Regardless, Physalis longifolia is probably the most common species in the genus found in Missouri. The plant can look like a little "tree" with a single straight stem and "canopy" of branches near the apex, or, the plant can grow very low and almost sprawl.
The "Tomatilla", which is found in many stores now, is also from the genus Physalis . Some of our species are edible while raw, some need to be cooked first. P. longifolia should be cooked first.

Photographs taken off Hwy H, Shannon County, MO., 7-30-04.

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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=PHLO4 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=PHLO4
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=PHLO4 ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=PHLO4
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=PHLO4 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=PHLO4
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Physalis longifolia Nutt.
longleaf groundcherry

Image of Physalis longifolia

General Information
Symbol: PHLO4
Group: Dicot
Family: Solanaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : CAN   N
L48   N
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   


click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Physalis thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Patrick J. Alexander. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 3: 159. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .




Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Asteridae
Order Solanales
Family Solanaceae – Potato family
Genus Physalis L. – groundcherry
Species Physalis longifolia Nutt. – longleaf groundcherry

Subordinate Taxa

The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Physalis longifolia . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Plant is native (blue) Native Plant is introduced Introduced Plant is introduced Native and Introduced Related taxa legend Distribution of <i>
Physalis longifolia</i>
Nutt. var. <i>
longifolia </i>
Physalis longifolia var. longifolia
longleaf groundcherry Distribution of <i>
Physalis longifolia</i>
Nutt. var. <i>
(Mack. & Bush) Cronquist
Physalis longifolia var. subglabrata
longleaf groundcherry

Legal Status

Noxious Weed Information
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete noxious weed list for that location, or click here for a composite list of all Federal and State Noxious Weeds .
California long-leaf groundcherry A list (noxious weeds)
U.S. Weed Information
Physalis longifolia long-leaf groundcherry This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S.
STATE Assorted authors. State noxious weed lists for 46 states . State agriculture or natural resource departments.

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (PHLO4)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (PHLO4)
Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (PHLO4)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (PHLO4)
USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (PHLO4)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (PHLO4)



Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds


Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover

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