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Salix candida Flüggé
Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Salicaceae   Salix

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Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Cicadellidae  Idiocerus ( @ UKYL_TCN (13)
Melampsoraceae  Melampsora abieti-capraearum @ BPI (6)

Melampsora bigelowii @ BPI (20)

Melampsora farinosa @ BPI (1)

Melampsora paradoxa @ BPI (1)
Miridae  Atractotomus atricolor @ AMNH_PBI (2)

Pilophorus salicis @ AMNH_PBI (1)
Rhytismataceae  Rhytisma salicinum @ BPI (3)

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Salix candida Flueggé ex Willd.
sageleaf willow

Image of Salix candida

General Information
Symbol: SACA4
Group: Dicot
Family: Salicaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Shrub
Native Status : AK   N
L48   N
Data Source and Documentation
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green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
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Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   


click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Salix thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Robert H. Mohlenbrock. USDA SCS. 1989. Midwest wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species . Midwest National Technical Center, Lincoln. Provided by USDA NRCS Wetland Science Institute (WSI). Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 1: 598. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .



Symbol Scientific Name
SACAD Salix candida Flueggé ex Willd. var. denudata Andersson
SACAT2 Salix candida Flueggé ex Willd. var. tomentosa Andersson
SACA34 Salix candidula Nieuwl.


Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Dilleniidae
Order Salicales
Family Salicaceae – Willow family
Genus Salix L. – willow
Species Salix candida Flueggé ex Willd. – sageleaf willow

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Threatened and Endangered Information:
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location.
Maine hoary willow Threatened
Ohio hoary willow Threatened
Pennsylvania hoary willow Endangered
Washington hoary willow Sensitive

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Alaska OBL
Arid West OBL
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont OBL
Great Plains OBL
Midwest OBL
Northcentral & Northeast OBL
Western Mountains, Valleys, and Coast OBL

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (SACA4)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (SACA34)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (SACA4)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (SACAD)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (SACAT2)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (SACA4)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (SACA4)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (SACA4)



Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds


Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover

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Following modified from Flora of North America
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Link to Flora of North America home
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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 7 | Salicaceae | Salix

91. Salix candida Flüggé ex Willdenow, Sp. Pl. 4: 708. 1806.

Sage or sage-leaf willow

Salix candida var. denudata Andersson

Plants often forming clones by layering. Stems: branches dark gray-brown to yellow-brown, not glaucous, woolly in patches or floccose to glabrescent; branchlets yellow-brown to red-brown or gray-brown, densely (white) woolly or tomentose, sometimes floccose. Leaves: stipules rudimentary or foliaceous on early ones, late ones 2-3.6 mm, apex acute; petiole shallowly to deeply grooved adaxially, 3-10 mm, tomentose or densely (white) woolly adaxially (obscured by hairs); largest medial blade lorate, narrowly elliptic or oblanceolate, 47-103 × 5-20 mm, base convex or cuneate, margins strongly to slightly revolute, entire, or sinuate, apex acute or convex, abaxial surface glaucous (generally obscured by hairs), very densely to sparsely tomentose-woolly (cobwebby in age), hairs dull white, crinkled, adaxial dull or slightly glossy, moderately densely to sparsely tomentose, floccose, hairs dull white; proximal blade margins entire; juvenile blade yellowish green, very densely tomentose abaxially, hairs white. Catkins flowering as leaves emerge; staminate stout or subglobose, 17-39 × 8-16 mm, flowering branchlet 0.5-7 mm; pistillate densely to moderately densely flowered, stout or slender, 20-66 × 9-18 mm, flowering branchlet 1-24 mm; floral bract tawny or brown, 1.2-1.8 mm, apex rounded or acute, abaxially hairy, hairs straight to wavy. Staminate flowers: adaxial nectary narrowly oblong to oblong, 0.6-1 mm; filaments distinct or connate less than 1/2 their lengths; anthers purple turning yellow, ellipsoid, long-cylindrical, or globose, 0.4-0.6 mm. Pistillate flowers: adaxial nectary oblong, 0.4-1 mm; ovary pyriform, beak sometimes slightly bulged below styles; ovules 12-18 per ovary; styles 0.3-1.9 mm. Capsules 4-6 mm. 2 n = 38.

Flowering mid Apr-early Jul. Floodplains, marl bogs, fens, and meadows, calcareous substrates; 10-2800 m; St. Pierre and Miquelon; Alta., B.C., Man., N.B., Nfld. and Labr., N.W.T., N.S., Nunavut, Ont., P.E.I., Que., Sask., Yukon; Alaska, Colo., Conn., Idaho, Ill., Ind., Iowa, Maine, Mass., Mich., Minn., Mont., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.Dak., Ohio, Pa., S.Dak., Vt., Wash., Wis., Wyo.

Occurrence of Salix candida in Nunavut is on Akimiski Island in James Bay.

Salix candida is geographically wide-ranging but limited to calcareous habitats and, for that reason, it is quite local or even rare in some parts of its range.


Salix candida forms natural hybrids with S. bebbiana, S. brachycarpa var. brachycarpa, S. calcicola, S. eriocephala, S. famelica, S. myrtillifolia, S. petiolaris , and S. planifolia . Hybrids with S. discolor, S. petiolaris , and S. sericea have been reported (the latter also by C. K. Schneider 1921; M. L. Fernald 1950) but no convincing specimens have been seen. Salix candida hybrids are recognized from their woolly indumentum that often is conspicuous on leaves, stems, and ovaries. In hybrids, these characters, especially woolly patches on ovaries, stand out as discordant variation.

Salix candida × S. eriocephala ( S. × rubella Bebb ex C. K. Schneider) was described by W. W. Rowlee and K. M. Wiegand (1896) as S. candida × S. cordata . In addition to woolly patches on the ovaries, they noted that buds of the hybrids usually are shorter, more divergent, and blunter than those in S. eriocephala , and are glabrous or hairy. Known from New York and Newfoundland; it should be expected throughout the sympatric range of the parental species.

Salix candida × S. famelica : The Saskatchewan specimen resembles S. famelica but has the leaf indumentum of S. candida .

Salix candida × S. myrtillifolia : Saskatchewan specimens combine characters of the two parents.

Salix candida × S. petiolaris : Intermediates between these species are known from Michigan and New York (W. W. Rowlee and K. M. Wiegand 1896) as well as Ontario and Saskatchewan, but can be expected wherever the two grow together. The invalid name " S. × clarkei " is sometimes used for this hybrid.

The glabrescent form of Salix candida , forma denudata (Andersson) Rouleau, may be of hybrid origin.

Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Salix+candida&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Salix+candida&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 4
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Salix candida%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Salix candida
Salix candida
ID: 0000 0000 0508 0283 [detail]
© 2008 Louis-M. Landry

Salix candida
Salix candida
ID: 0000 0000 0508 0284 [detail]
© 2008 Louis-M. Landry

Salix candida
Salix candida
ID: 0000 0000 0508 0285 [detail]
© 2008 Louis-M. Landry

Salix candida
Salix candida
ID: 0000 0000 0508 0286 [detail]
© 2008 Louis-M. Landry

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