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Salix interior Rowlee
SANDBAR WILLOW
Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Salicaceae   Salix


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FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Andrenidae  Andrena amphibola @ RMBL_ENT (1)

Andrena bisalicis @ UCRC_ENT (1)

Andrena crataegi @ RMBL_ENT (1)

Andrena nida @ AMNH_BEE (9)

Andrena prunorum @ RMBL_ENT (2)
Aphididae  Chaitophorus nigrae @ NCSU_ENT (7)
Cicadellidae  Erasmoneura nigra @ III (1)

Eratoneura bigemina @ III (3)

Eratoneura minor @ III (1)

Erythridula aenea @ III (1)

Erythridula hamata @ III (1)

Erythridula plena @ III (1)

Erythridula rufostigmosa @ III (2)

Erythridula stolata @ III (1)

Erythroneura rosa @ III (2)

Idiocerus ( @ UKYL_TCN (20)

Kybos albolinea @ III (6)

Kybos obtusa @ III (1)

Kybos patula @ III (1)
Diatrypaceae  Eutypa subtecta @ BPI (2)
Dothioraceae  Dothichiza brenckleana @ BPI (1)
Gnomoniaceae  Cryptosporella populina @ BPI (1)

Discula brenckleana @ BPI (2)
Melampsoraceae  Melampsora abieti-capraearum @ BPI (16)

Melampsora abietis-capraearum @ BPI (1)

Melampsora bigelowii @ BPI (4)

Melampsora epitea @ BPI (1)

Melampsora paradoxa @ BPI (1)
Miridae  Agnocoris pulverulentus @ NCSU_ENT (5)

Agnocoris rossi @ NCSU_ENT (8)

Agnocoris @ AMNH_ENT (36)

Atractotomus atricolor @ AMNH_PBI (9)

Blepharidopterus diaphanus @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Ceratocapsus fuscinus @ NCSU_ENT (21)

Lopidea dakota @ AMNH_PBI (3)

Lygidea obscura @ NCSU_ENT (4)

Lygidea rosacea @ AMNH_PBI (3)

Lygidea rubecula @ AMNH_PBI (4)

Monosynamma bohemanni @ AMNH_PBI (5)

Neolygus caryae @ NCSU_ENT (1)

Neolygus semivittatus @ NCSU_ENT (3)

Neurocolpus nubilus @ NCSU_ENT (1)

Orthotylus basicornis @ AMNH_PBI (3)

Orthotylus dorsalis @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Orthotylus fuscicornis @ AMNH_PBI (13)

Orthotylus modestus @ NCSU_ENT (3)

Orthotylus neglectus @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Orthotylus notabilis @ AMNH_PBI (5)

Parthenicus obsoletus @ AMNH_IZC (16)

Phytocoris erectus @ NCSU_ENT (1)

Phytocoris salicis @ NCSU_ENT (1)

Pilophorus salicis @ AMNH_PBI (3)

Plagiognathus fuscosus @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Plagiognathus salicicola @ NCSU_ENT (3)

Plagiognathus tinctus @ NCSU_ENT (11)

Pseudopsallus anograe @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Taedia salicis @ NCSU_ENT (2)

Taedia scrupea @ NCSU_ENT (5)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Cercospora salicis @ BPI (1)

Septoria didyma @ BPI (1)
Valsaceae  Chondroplea brenckleana @ BPI (1)

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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=SAIN3 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=SAIN3
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=SAIN3 ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=SAIN3
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=SAIN3 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=SAIN3
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Salix interior Rowlee
sandbar willow

Image of Salix interior

General Information
Symbol: SAIN3
Group: Dicot
Family: Salicaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Shrub
Tree
Native Status : AK   N
CAN   N
L48   N
Characteristics
Fact Sheet (pdf) (doc)
Data Source and Documentation
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Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Salix thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Herman, D.E., et al. 1996. North Dakota tree handbook . USDA NRCS ND State Soil Conservation Committee; NDSU Extension and Western Area Power Administration, Bismarck. Provided by ND State Soil Conservation Committee . Provided by USDA NRCS Bismarck PMC (NDPMC) . United States, ND. Usage Requirements .

Herman, D.E., et al. 1996. North Dakota tree handbook . USDA NRCS ND State Soil Conservation Committee; NDSU Extension and Western Area Power Administration, Bismarck. Provided by ND State Soil Conservation Committee . Provided by USDA NRCS Bismarck PMC (NDPMC) . United States, ND. Usage Requirements .

Herman, D.E., et al. 1996. North Dakota tree handbook . USDA NRCS ND State Soil Conservation Committee; NDSU Extension and Western Area Power Administration, Bismarck. Provided by ND State Soil Conservation Committee . Provided by USDA NRCS Bismarck PMC (NDPMC) . United States, ND. Usage Requirements .

Herman, D.E., et al. 1996. North Dakota tree handbook . USDA NRCS ND State Soil Conservation Committee; NDSU Extension and Western Area Power Administration, Bismarck. Provided by ND State Soil Conservation Committee . Provided by USDA NRCS Bismarck PMC (NDPMC) . United States, ND. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 1: 595. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name
SAEX9 Salix exigua auct. non. Nutt.
SAEXI Salix exigua Nutt. ssp. interior (Rowlee) Cronquist
SAEXE Salix exigua Nutt. var. exterior (Fernald) C.F. Reed
SAEXP2 Salix exigua Nutt. var. pedicellata (Andersson) Cronquist
SAEXS3 Salix exigua Nutt. var. sericans (Nees) Dorn
SAFLS2 Salix fluviatilis Nutt. var. sericans (Nees) B. Boivin
SAINE Salix interior Rowlee var. exterior Fernald
SAINP Salix interior Rowlee var. pedicellata (Andersson) C.R. Ball
SAINW Salix interior Rowlee var. wheeleri
SALOI Salix longifolia Muhl. var. interior (Rowlee) M.E. Jones
SALOP2 Salix longifolia Muhl. var. pedicellata Andersson
SALOS Salix longifolia Muhl. var. sericans Nees
SALOW2 Salix longifolia Muhl. var. wheeleri (Rowlee) C.K. Schneid.
SALO9 Salix longifolia Muhl., non Lam.
SARU9 Salix rubra Richardson, non Huds.
SAWH Salix wheeleri (Rowlee) Rydb.

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Dilleniidae
Order Salicales
Family Salicaceae – Willow family
Genus Salix L. – willow
Species Salix interior Rowlee – sandbar willow

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Threatened and Endangered Information:
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location.
Maine sandbar willow Endangered

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Alaska FACW
Arid West FACW
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain OBL
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FACW
Great Plains FACW
Midwest FACW
Northcentral & Northeast FACW
Western Mountains, Valleys, and Coast FACW

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (SAIN3)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (SAEXE)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (SAEXI)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (SAEXP2)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (SAFLS2)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (SAIN3)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (SAINE)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (SAINP)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (SAINW)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (SALO9)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (SALOI)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (SALOP2)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (SALOS)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (SALOW2)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (SARU9)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (SAWH)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (SAIN3)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (SAIN3)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (SAIN3)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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Following modified from Flora of North America
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FNA Vol. 7 Page 24, 37, 47, 51, 52, 53, 55 , 56 , 57, 58, 121, 127, 135 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 7 | Salicaceae | Salix

19. Salix interior Rowlee, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club. 27: 253. 1900.

Sandbar willow

Salix rubra Richardson in J. Franklin, Narr. Journey Polar Sea, 752. 1823, not Hudson 1762; S. exigua Nuttall var. exterior (Fernald) C. F. Reed; S. exigua subsp. interior (Rowlee) Cronquist; S. exigua var. pedicellata (Andersson) Cronquist; S. exigua var. sericans (Nees) Dorn; S. fluviatilis Nuttall var. sericans (Nees) B. Boivin; S. interior var. exterior Fernald; S. interior var. pedicellata (Andersson) C. R. Ball; S. interior var. wheeleri Rowlee; S. linearifolia Rydberg; S. longifolia Muhlenberg var. interior (Rowlee) M. E. Jones; S. longifolia var. pedicellata Andersson; S. longifolia var. sericans Nees; S. longifolia var. wheeleri (Rowlee) C. K. Schneider; S. wheeleri (Rowlee) Rydberg

Shrubs or trees, 4-9 m. Stems: branches gray-brown to red-brown, glabrous or villous; branchlets yellow brown to red-brown, densely tomentose or villous to glabrescent. Leaves: stipules absent or rudimentary on early ones, rudimentary or foliaceous on late ones; petiole 1-5(-9) mm, glabrous or sparsely villous adaxially; largest medial blade linear to lorate, 60-160 × 4-11 mm, (6.5-)11-19(-31) times as long as wide, base cuneate, margins flat, remotely spinulose-serrulate (teeth 2-5 per cm), apex acute or subacuminate, abaxial surface thinly glaucous, densely villous or long-silky to glabrescent, adaxial slightly glossy, pilose or densely villous to glabrescent; proximal blade margins entire; juvenile blade reddish or yellowish green, moderately densely to sparsely long-silky abaxially. Catkins (flowering throughout season); staminate 20-61 × 4-10 mm, flowering branchlet 3-20 mm; pistillate loosely flowered, slender or stout, 20-67 × 5-9 mm, flowering branchlet 3-19 mm; floral bract (sometimes greenish), 1.5-3.5 mm, apex acute, acuminate, or rounded, entire, erose, or toothed, abaxially hairy either proximally or distally, hairs wavy. Staminate flowers: abaxial nectary 0.5-1.1 mm, adaxial nectary ovate, narrowly oblong, or flask-shaped, 0.6-1.4 mm, nectaries distinct; filaments hairy; anthers 0.4-0.9 mm. Pistillate flowers: adaxial nectary narrowly oblong, 0.4-1.1 mm, shorter to longer than stipe; stipe 0.4-0.8 mm; ovary obclavate to pyriform, glabrous, glabrescent, or long-silky, beak abruptly tapering to styles; ovules 16-36 per ovary; styles 0-0.2 mm; stigmas flat, abaxially non-papillate with pointed tip, or broadly cylindrical, 0.3-0.7 mm. Capsules (4-)5-8(-10) mm. 2 n = 38.

Flowering early Apr-early Jul. Sandy to silty flood plains, margins of lakes, ponds, and prairie sloughs, dry prairie sand hills, marshes, disturbed areas; 10-1800 m; Alta., B.C., Man., N.B., N.W.T., Ont., Que., Sask., Yukon; Alaska, Ark., Colo., Conn., Del., D.C., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., La., Maine, Md., Mich., Minn., Miss., Mo., Mont., Nebr., N.J., N.Y., N.Dak., Ohio, Okla., Pa., S.Dak., Tenn., Tex., Va., W.Va., Wis., Wyo.; Mexico (Tamaulipas, Veracruz).

Sometimes Salix interior is treated as a subspecies of S. exigua (R. D. Dorn 1998). Salix exigua and S. interior hybridize and apparently intergrade in the western Great Plains; because the area of overlap is relatively small and distinctiveness of the two taxa is not compromised by hybridization and introgression, it is best to treat them as separate species.

Leaves on sylleptic shoots are usually very densely silky. Salix interior sometimes has shoots that arise from buds on either side of the normal axillary bud. They do not seem to be directly related to the stipules because they are enclosed by the petiole. Catkins with both staminate and pistillate flowers are rare in S. interior , but a Quebec specimen had some catkins predominantly pistillate and others staminate; most were a mixture. The flowers were not teratological, but a mature capsule contained aborted ovules.

Hybrids:

Salix interior forms natural hybrids with S. exigua var. exigua . Controlled pollinations using S. interior (as S. exigua ) from southern Ontario (A. Mosseler 1990) successfully produced F 1 hybrids with S. bebbiana, S. discolor, S. eriocephala , and S. petiolaris . Seed production was usually relatively low, except in crosses with S. discolor . In general, F 1 viability was relatively low in crosses with these members of subg. Vetrix . No seeds were produced in crosses with members of subgenera Protitea or Salix . Morphology of the hybrids usually was intermediate between the two parents, but when S. petiolaris was used as the maternal parent, the F 1 s more closely resembled that species. J. Salick and E. Pfeffer (1999) extended these findings to show that, although crosses between S. interior (as S. exigua ) and S. eriocephala are partially sterile, their clonal growth parameters (sprouting, shoot length, and biomass production) are strong and thus permit these partially sterile hybrids to exist as successful individuals and perhaps to "... make a contribution to interspecific gene flow over time." Of particular taxonomic interest is that, in this cross, the staminate parent has a significant influence on leaf shape, whereas in the cross S. eriocephala × S. petiolaris it is the pistillate parent that is significant for leaf shape. Relatively few hybrids resembling those produced by Mosseler have been recognized in nature, but it is possible that the unusually broadly leaved plants named S. interior var. exterior and var. wheeleri , from northern Maine, Nebraska, New York, and West Virginia, and probably elsewhere, may be hybrids. Phenological isolation may be strong enough to prevent crosses in nature (A. Mosseler and C. S. Papadopol 1989) with the earlier flowering S. eriocephala and S. petiolaris , a barrier that even an occasional period of overlap cannot breach.

Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Salix+interior+&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Salix+interior+&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 12
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Salix interior%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Salix interior
Salix interior
Sandbar Willow
ID: 0000 1111 2222 0895 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Salix interior
Salix interior
Sandbar Willow
ID: 0000 1111 2222 0896 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Salix interior
Salix interior
Sandbar Willow
ID: 0000 1111 2222 0897 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Salix interior
Salix interior
Sandbar Willow
ID: 0000 1111 2222 0898 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Salix interior
Salix interior
Sandbar Willow
ID: 0000 1111 2222 0899 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Salix interior
Salix interior
Sandbar Willow
ID: 0000 1111 2222 0900 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Salix interior
Salix interior
Sandbar Willow
ID: 0000 1111 2222 0901 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Salix interior
Salix interior
ID: 0000 0000 0508 0287 [detail]
© 2008 Louis-M. Landry

Salix interior
Salix interior
ID: 0000 0000 0508 0288 [detail]
© 2008 Louis-M. Landry

Salix interior
Salix interior
ID: 0000 0000 0710 0112 [detail]
© 2010 Louis-M. Landry

Salix interior
Salix interior
ID: 0000 0000 0710 0113 [detail]
© 2010 Louis-M. Landry

Salix interior
Salix interior
ID: 0000 0000 0710 0114 [detail]
© 2010 Louis-M. Landry

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