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Salix purpurea L.
PURPLE WILLOW
Salix purpurea subsp lambertiana (Sm) Macreight; Purpleosier willow

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Salicaceae   Salix

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Salix purpurea
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Salix purpurea
Salix purpurea
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Salix purpurea

Salix purpurea
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Salix purpurea
Salix purpurea
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Salix purpurea

Salix purpurea
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Salix purpurea
Salix purpurea
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Salix purpurea

Salix purpurea
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Salix purpurea
Salix purpurea
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Salix purpurea

Salix purpurea
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Salix purpurea
Salix purpurea
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Salix purpurea

Salix purpurea
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Salix purpurea
Salix purpurea
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Salix purpurea

Salix purpurea
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Salix purpurea
Salix purpurea
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Salix purpurea

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Alcyoniidae  Rhytisma amphigenum @ BPI (9)

Rhytisma autumnale @ BPI (4)

Rhytisma symmetricum @ 673482B (1); BPI (7); 673482A (1)
Amphisphaeriaceae  Pestalotia lignicola @ BPI (2)

Pestalotia salicis-purpureae @ BPI (1)

Pestalotia truncata @ BPI (5)

Pestalotia @ BPI (1)
Aphididae  Chaitophorus viminalis @ AMNH_PBI (3)
Capnodiaceae  Capnodium salicinum @ BPI (1)
Cicadellidae  Kybos rufescens @ III (1)
Corticiaceae  Corticium roseum @ BPI (1)
Cyphellaceae  Cyphella fasciculata @ BPI (1)
Dermateaceae  Gloeosporium salicis @ BPI (1)

Marssonina salicicola @ BPI (1)

Ocellaria aurea @ BPI (3)

Ocellaria ocellata @ BPI (1)
Diatrypaceae  Anthostoma schmidtii @ BPI (4)

Cryptosphaeria populina @ BPI (3)
Erysiphaceae  Erysiphe adunca @ BPI (1)

Uncinula adunca @ BPI (2)

Uncinula salicis @ 555381B (1); 555376C (1); 555381A (1); 555376A (1); BPI (24); 555381C (1); 555376B (1)
Fomitopsidaceae  Daedalea confragosa @ BPI (1)
Gnomoniaceae  Cryptodiaporthe salicina @ BPI (1)

Linospora tigrina @ BPI (3)
Helotiaceae  Cenangium rosulatum @ BPI (1)

Tympanis saligna @ BPI (1)
Hymenochaetaceae  Hymenochaete corrugata @ BPI (1)
Hypocreaceae  Hypocrea citrina @ BPI (1)
Hyponectriaceae  Physalospora miyabeana @ BPI (5)

Physalospora salicis @ BPI (1)
Marasmiaceae  Lachnella spadicea @ BPI (1)
Massarinaceae  Massarina salicincola @ BPI (1)
Melampsoraceae  Melampsora abieti-capraearum @ BPI (1)

Melampsora bigelowii @ BPI (2)

Melampsora epitea @ BPI (7)

Melampsora farinosa @ BPI (1)

Melampsora larici-epitea @ BPI (2)

Melampsora laricis-epitea @ 023242B (1); 023242A (1)

Melampsora mixta @ BPI (13)

Melampsora ribesii-purpureae @ BPI (9); 193466A (1)

Melampsora ribesii-salicum @ BPI (3)
Meripilaceae  Antrodia macra @ BPI (1)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Septoria salicicola @ BPI (2)

Septoria salicis @ BPI (4)
Nectriaceae  Fusidium roseum @ BPI (1)

Nectria cinnabarina @ BPI (3)

Nectria coccinea @ BPI (3)

Nectria galligena @ BPI (3)
Peniophoraceae  Peniophora cinerea @ BPI (1)

Peniophora incarnata @ BPI (1)
Polyporaceae  Polyporus adustus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus elegans @ BPI (1)

Polyporus tulipiferus @ BPI (1)
Rhytismataceae  Rhytisma salicinum @ BPI (5)
Schizaeaceae  Lophidium compressum @ BPI (1)
Steccherinaceae  Odontia setigera @ BPI (1)

Steccherinum ochraceum @ BPI (1)
Stereaceae  Stereum complicatum @ BPI (1)
Trichocomaceae  Aspergillus herbariorum @ BPI (1)
Typhulaceae  Pistillaria pusilla @ BPI (1)

Typhula gyrans @ BPI (1)

Typhula pusilla @ BPI (1)
Valsaceae  Cytospora chrysosperma @ BPI (1)

Cytospora salicis @ BPI (1)

Cytospora translucens @ BPI (1)

Cytospora @ BPI (2)

Diplodina salicis @ 381320A (1); 381320B (1)

Leucostoma niveum @ BPI (1)

Valsa germanica @ BPI (3)

Valsa nivea @ BPI (1)

Valsa translucens @ BPI (2)

Valsella nigroannulata @ BPI (1)
_  Darluca genistalis @ BPI (6)

Darluca hypocreoides @ BPI (1)

Fumago salicina @ BPI (1)

Ramulaspera salicina @ BPI (1)

Sphaeronaema spinella @ BPI (2)

Thyrostromella salicella @ BPI (1)

Trichothecium roseum @ BPI (1)

Trimmatostroma salicis @ BPI (2)

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Following modified from Virginia Tech Dendrology
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&pull 20q v5.145 20180528: Error 500 Can't connect to www.cnr.vt.edu:80 http://www.cnr.vt.edu/dendro/dendrology/syllabus2/Salix_purpurea.htm

Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=SAPU2 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=SAPU2
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=SAPU2 ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=SAPU2
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=SAPU2 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=SAPU2
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Salix purpurea L.
purpleosier willow

Image of Salix purpurea

General Information
Symbol: SAPU2
Group: Dicot
Family: Salicaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Shrub
Tree
Native Status : CAN   I
L48   I
Other Common Names: basket willow
purple osier
purple willow
Characteristics
Fact Sheet (pdf) (doc)
Data Source and Documentation
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Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Salix thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

©Gary A. Monroe. United States, NV, Washoe Co., garden. September 12, 2009. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 1: 597. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name
SAPUG2 Salix purpurea L. f. gracilis (Gren. & Godr.) C.K. Schneid.
SAPUN3 Salix purpurea L. var. nana Dieck

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Dilleniidae
Order Salicales
Family Salicaceae – Willow family
Genus Salix L. – willow
Species Salix purpurea L. – purpleosier willow

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Arid West FACW
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FACW
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FACW
Great Plains OBL
Midwest FACW
Northcentral & Northeast FACW
Western Mountains, Valleys, and Coast OBL

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (SAPU2)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (SAPU2)
Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (SAPU2)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (SAPU2)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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Following modified from Flora of North America
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Link to Flora of North America home
 
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FNA Vol. 7 Page 3, 94, 162 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 7 | Salicaceae | Salix

113. Salix purpurea Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 1017. 1753.

Purple or basket willow, purple osier

Plants sometimes forming clones by stem fragmentation. Stems: branches (sometimes ± brittle at base), yellow-brown or olive-brown, not or weakly glaucous, glabrous; branchlets yellow-brown or olive-brown, violet tinged, glabrous. Leaves (sometimes opposite or subopposite); stipules absent; petiole shallowly grooved adaxially, 2-7 mm, glabrous adaxially; largest medial blade lorate, narrowly oblong, narrowly oblanceolate, oblanceolate, 35-77 × 5-20 mm, base convex or rounded, margins strongly revolute, entire or serrulate, apex acute, acuminate, or convex, abaxial surface glaucous, glabrous, adaxial dull to sublustrous, glabrous; proximal blade margins entire; juvenile blade yellowish green or reddish, glabrous or sparsely pubescent abaxially, hairs white, sometimes also ferruginous. Catkins flowering before leaves emerge, (subopposite, recurved); staminate stout or subglobose, 25-33 × 6-10 mm, flowering branchlet 0 mm; pistillate densely flowered, slender or stout, 13.5-34.5(-35 in fruit) × 3-7 mm, flowering branchlet 0.5-3 mm; floral bract black or bicolor, 0.8-1.6 mm, apex rounded, abaxially hairy, hairs straight or wavy. Staminate flowers: adaxial nectary oblong, square, or ovate, 0.4-0.8 mm; filaments connate; anthers (distinct), purple turning yellow, ellipsoid or globose, 0.4-0.5 mm. Pistillate flowers: adaxial nectary ovate, 0.3-0.7 mm; ovary obturbinate, beak gradually tapering to styles; ovules 6 per ovary; styles 0.2-0.3 mm. Capsules 2.5-5 mm. 2 n = 38.

Flowering mid Mar-mid May. Floodplains and shores, fens, swamps, alder thickets, sandy and limestone beaches, low dunes; 0-900 m; introduced; N.B., Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.), N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que.; Calif., Conn., Del., D.C., Ga., Ill., Iowa, Ky., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Mo., N.H., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Oreg., Pa., R.I., Utah, Vt., Va., W.Va., Wis.; Europe.

Salix purpurea occurrence in Ohio is based on information from T. S. Cooperrider (pers. comm.).

Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Salix+purpurea&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Salix+purpurea&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 11
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Salix purpurea%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Salix purpurea
Salix purpurea
Purple Willow
ID: 0000 0000 0108 0146 [detail]
© 2008 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Salix purpurea
Salix purpurea
Purple Willow
ID: 0000 0000 0108 0148 [detail]
© 2008 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Salix purpurea
Salix purpurea
Purple Willow
ID: 0000 0000 0108 0149 [detail]
© 2008 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Salix purpurea
Salix purpurea
Purple Willow
ID: 0000 0000 0307 1335 [detail]
© 2007 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Salix purpurea
Salix purpurea
Purple Willow
ID: 0000 0000 0307 1345 [detail]
© 2007 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Salix purpurea
Salix purpurea
Purple Willow
ID: 0000 0000 0307 1347 [detail]
© 2007 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Salix purpurea
Salix purpurea
Purple Willow
ID: 0000 0000 0307 1348 [detail]
© 2007 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Salix purpurea
Salix purpurea
Purple Willow
ID: 0000 0000 0307 1349 [detail]
© 2007 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Salix purpurea
Salix purpurea
Purple Willow
ID: 0000 0000 0307 1350 [detail]
© 2007 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Salix purpurea
Salix purpurea
Purpleosier Willow
ID: 0000 0000 1209 2380 [detail]
© 2009 Gary A. Monroe

Salix purpurea
Salix purpurea
ID: 0000 0000 1016 1405 [detail]
© 2016 Zoya Akulova

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


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