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Salix stolonifera Coville
Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Salicaceae   Salix

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FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Melampsoraceae  Melampsora paradoxa @ BPI (1)
Rhytismataceae  Rhytisma salicinum @ BPI (1)

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Salix stolonifera Coville
sprouting leaf willow

General Information
Symbol: SAST2
Group: Dicot
Family: Salicaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Shrub
Native Status : AK   N
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Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   





Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Dilleniidae
Order Salicales
Family Salicaceae – Willow family
Genus Salix L. – willow
Species Salix stolonifera Coville – sprouting leaf willow

Subordinate Taxa

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Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover

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37. Salix stolonifera Coville, Proc. Wash. Acad. Sci. 3: 333, plate 41, fig. 1. 1901.

Creeping willow

Plants 0.02-0.1 m, forming clones by layering or rhizomes. Stems trailing or erect; branches red-brown, (sometimes weakly glaucous), glabrous; branchlets yellow-brown or greenish brown, glabrous. Leaves: stipules (sometimes marcescent) absent or rudimentary on early ones, rudimentary or foliaceous on late ones; petiole (deeply to shallowly grooved adaxially), 3-9-20 mm, (ciliate, glabrous adaxially); largest medial blade amphistomatous or hemiamphistomatous, (sometimes with 2 pairs of secondary veins arising at or close to base, arcing toward apex), elliptic, broadly elliptic, or subcircular, 16-42 × 12-30(-38) mm, 1-2 times as long as wide, base convex, cuneate, or rounded, margins flat or slightly revolute, entire or serrulate, ciliate (hairs wavy), apex convex, acuminate, rounded, or retuse, abaxial surface glabrous, adaxial highly glossy, glabrous; proximal blade margins entire or irregularly serrulate; juvenile blade pilose to glabrescent abaxially. Catkins: staminate 13-31 × 7-11 mm, flowering branchlet 1-15 mm; pistillate moderately densely to loosely flowered, stout to globose, 15-54(-90 in fruit) × 6-15 mm, flowering branchlet 2-42 mm; floral bract brown, 1.6-2 mm, apex rounded, entire, abaxially sparsely hairy throughout or distally, hairs straight or wavy. Staminate flowers: abaxial nectary (0-)0.2-0.7 mm, adaxial nectary oblong, narrowly oblong, or ovate, 0.6-1.3 mm, nectaries distinct; filaments distinct (glabrous); anthers ellipsoid, 0.5-0.6 mm. Pistillate flowers: abaxial nectary absent, adaxial nectary oblong, 0.5-1.4 mm, longer than stipe; stipe 0.2-0.8 mm; ovary pyriform, sometimes glaucous, glabrous, beak gradually tapering to styles; ovules 12-13 per ovary; styles connate to distinct 1/2 their lengths, (0.6-)0.8-2 mm; stigmas flat, abaxially non-papillate with rounded or pointed tip, or slenderly cylindrical, 0.32-0.5-0.88 mm. Capsules 4-10 mm.

Flowering early Jun-early Jul. Arctic, subarctic, and alpine, wet sedge meadows, hummocky tundra, raised center polygons, Dryas -willow-sedge tundra, Dryas mats on dry ridge tops; 0-1000 m; Alta., B.C.; Alaska.


Salix stolonifera forms natural hybrids with S. arctica and S. barclayi .

Updated: 2019-08-22 07:50:14 gmt
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