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Trifolium repens L.
WHITE CLOVER
Trifolium occidentale

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Fabaceae   Trifolium

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Trifolium repens
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 6
Trifolium repens
Trifolium repens, ---.
© Copyright source/photographer · 5
Trifolium repens, ---.

Trifolium repens, ---.
© Copyright source/photographer · 5
Trifolium repens, ---.
Trifolium repens
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Trifolium repens

Trifolium repens
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Trifolium repens
Trifolium repens
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Trifolium repens

Trifolium repens
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Trifolium repens
Trifolium repens
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Trifolium repens

Trifolium repens
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Trifolium repens
Trifolium repens
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Trifolium repens

Trifolium repens
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Trifolium repens
Trifolium repens
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Trifolium repens

Trifolium repens, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Trifolium repens, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
Trifolium repens, whole plant - in flower - general view
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Trifolium repens, whole plant - in flower - general view

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Andrenidae  Andrena carlini @ UCMS_ENT (17)

Andrena cresonii @ B_AW (1)

Andrena vicina @ UCMS_ENT (1); MLSB__N16- (1)

Andrena wilkella @ CUIC_ENT (12); B_AW (3); MLSB__N16- (7); AMNH_BEE (1); UCMS_ENT (13)

Calliopsis andreniformis @ MLSB__N16- (2); UCRC_ENT (19)

Calliopsis anthidia @ BBSL (2)

Calliopsis anthidius @ UCRC_ENT (16)
Anthocoridae  Orius tristicolor @ AMNH_IZC (1)
Aphididae  Aphis ( @ NCSU_ENT (4)

Nearctaphis bakeri @ CSUC_TCN (2)

Therioaphis ( @ CSCA_TCN (2)
Apidae  Anthophora terminalis @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Apis mellifera @ UCMS_ENT (1); MLSB__N16- (17); PN- (5)

Bombus affinis @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Bombus appositus @ BBSL (1)

Bombus ardens @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Bombus bimaculatus @ UCMS_ENT (5); AMNH_BEE (1); BBSL__BBSLID (1)

Bombus californicus @ EMEC (2); BBSL (1)

Bombus fernaldae @ BBSL (2)

Bombus fervidus @ BBSL__JPS (1); BBSL (1); PN- (1)

Bombus flavifrons @ BBSL (29)

Bombus frigidus @ BBSL (7)

Bombus griseocollis @ BBSL (1); B_AW (2); PN- (2); BBSL__JPS (1); AMNH_BEE (1); UCMS_ENT (3); MLSB__N16- (5)

Bombus huntii @ AMNH_BEE (1); BBSL__JPS (6); UCRC_ENT (10)

Bombus impatiens @ PN- (2); AMNH_BEE (5); BBSL__BBSLID (1); UCMS_ENT (1)

Bombus insularis @ BBSL (6)

Bombus jonellus @ BBSL (9)

Bombus melanopygus @ AMNH_BEE (8); UCRC_ENT (2); BBSL (12)

Bombus mixtus @ BBSL (8)

Bombus moderatus @ BBSL (1)

Bombus morrisoni @ BBSL (1)

Bombus nevadensis @ BBSL__JPS (2)

Bombus pensylvanicus @ EMEC (1)

Bombus perplexus @ UCMS_ENT (3); BBSL (2)

Bombus rufocinctus @ BBSL (6); BBSL__JPS (7); AMNH_BEE (2)

Bombus sylvicola @ BBSL (1)

Bombus ternarius @ AMNH_BEE (3)

Bombus vagans @ AMNH_BEE (1); BBSL__BBSLID (1); BBSL (3)

Bombus vosnesenskii @ EMEC_JPS__JPS (1)

Ceratina calcarata @ AMNH_BEE (2); MLSB__N16- (7); UCRC_ENT (1); PN- (1)

Eucera actuosa @ BBSL (1)

Eucera edwardsii @ BBSL (2)

Melissodes bimaculata @ PN- (1)

Melissodes dagosa @ BBSL (1)

Melissodes rivalis @ BBSL (1)
Chaetomiaceae  Thielavia basicola @ BPI (2)
Cicadellidae  Agallia constricta @ UKYL_TCN (10)

Amblysellus curtisii @ UKYL_TCN (6)

Ceratagallia ( @ NCSU (1)

Draeculacephala @ MEMU_ENT (1)

Empoasca alboneura @ III (1)

Empoasca bifurcata @ III (4)

Empoasca chelata @ III (3)

Empoasca erigeron @ III (5)

Empoasca fabalis @ III (1)

Empoasca sativae @ III (3)

Scaphytopius ( @ MEMU_ENT (2)
Coccinellidae  Coccinella septempunctata @ I_LB (1)

Coleomegilla maculata @ I_LB (1)

Hippodamia convergens @ I_LB (1)
Colletidae  Colletes cognatus @ BBSL (1)

Hylaeus annulatus @ BBSL (1)
Corticiaceae  Rhizoctonia @ BPI (1)
Dermateaceae  Pseudopeziza trifolii @ 670346A (1); 670346B (1); BPI (21)

Pyrenopeziza trifoliorum @ BPI (2)
Dothioraceae  Pleosphaerulina briosiana @ BPI (2)
Entomophthoraceae  Entomophthora @ BPI (1)
Erysiphaceae  Erysiphe polygoni @ BPI (5)
Halictidae  Agapostemon femoratus @ BBSL (1)

Agapostemon sericeus @ MLSB__N16- (1)

Agapostemon texanus @ B_AW (1); PN- (1); UCMS_ENT (1)

Agapostemon virescens @ MLSB__N16- (1); UCMS_ENT (2)

Halictus farinosus @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Halictus rubicundus @ UCMS_ENT (2); PN- (1)

Lasioglossum pilosum @ UCMS_ENT (2)

Lasioglossum zephyrum @ AMNH_BEE (1)
Megachilidae  Anthidiellum notatum @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Anthidium oblongatum @ AMNH_BEE (1); MLSB__N16- (1)

Anthidium punctatum @ BBSL (1)

Anthidium tenuiflorae @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Heriades carinata @ MLSB__N16- (1)

Hoplitis albifrons @ BBSL (3)

Hoplitis pilosifrons @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Hoplitis producta @ AMNH_BEE (1); CUIC_ENT (4)

Hoplitis robusta @ DART_ENT (1)

Hoplitis truncata @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Megachile ainu @ BBSL (1)

Megachile angelarum @ UCRC_ENT (1)

Megachile frigida @ MLSB__N16- (2)

Megachile latimanus @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Megachile melanophaea @ BBSL (1)

Megachile mendica @ BBSL (1); UCRC_ENT (1)

Megachile perihirta @ BBSL (1)

Megachile rotundata @ MLSB__N16- (1)

Megachile texana @ UCRC_ENT (1)

Osmia albolateralis @ DART_ENT (1); RMBL_ENT (3); BBSL__BBSLID (1)

Osmia atrocyanea @ BBSL (1)

Osmia caerulescens @ MLSB__N16- (1)

Osmia clarescens @ BBSL (1); LACM_ENTB (1)

Osmia coerulescens @ UCRC_ENT (3)

Osmia densa @ BBSL__BBSLID (33)

Osmia exigua @ BBSL (1)

Osmia grindeliae @ RMBL_ENT (1)

Osmia juxta @ BBSL (1); BBSL__BBSLID (3)

Osmia longula @ DART_ENT (1)

Osmia nanula @ DART_ENT (1); RMBL_ENT (2)

Osmia nemoris @ BBSL (1); LACM_ENTB (4); AMNH_BEE (1)

Osmia nifoata @ BBSL__BBSLID (1)

Osmia nigrifrons @ DART_ENT (3)

Osmia obliqua @ BBSL (1)

Osmia odontogaster @ BBSL (4)

Osmia pentstemonis @ BBSL (1); DART_ENT (2); BBSL__BBSLID (18)

Osmia physariae @ BBSL (2)

Osmia potentillae @ UCRC_ENT (1)

Osmia proxima @ RMBL_ENT (2); AMNH_BEE (1)

Osmia pumila @ MLSB__N16- (3); UCMS_ENT (1); UCRC_ENT (2)

Osmia pusilla @ BBSL (6)

Osmia simillima @ BBSL__BBSLID (3); AMNH_BEE (1)

Osmia tristella @ BBSL (1)

Osmia unca @ BBSL (1)

Osmia virga @ AMNH_BEE (1)
Membracidae  Spissistilus festinus @ NCSU (1)
Miridae  Atractotomus balli @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Labopidea @ AMNH_PBI (8)

Lygus lineolaris @ MEMU_ENT (16)

Microtechnites bractatus @ AMNH_PBI (2)

Polymerus basalis @ MEMU_ENT (7)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Cercospora helvola @ BPI (2)

Cercospora zebrina @ 442575A (1); 442636B (1); 442636A (1); BPI (14); 442575B (1)

Mycosphaerella killianii @ BPI (1)

Phloeospora trifolii @ BPI (2)

Sphaerulina trifolii @ BPI (2)
Nectriaceae  Volutella minima @ BPI (1)
Olpidiaceae  Olpidium trifolii @ BPI (1)
Peronosporaceae  Peronospora trifolii-repentis @ BPI (4)

Peronospora trifoliorum @ BPI (5)
Phaeosphaeriaceae  Stagonospora carpathica @ BPI (2)

Stagonospora dearnessii @ BPI (1)

Stagonospora meliloti @ BPI (15)
Phyllachoraceae  Phyllachora trifolii @ BPI (23); 639920B (1); 639920A (1)

Phyllachora @ BPI (1)
Pleosporaceae  Curvularia trifolii @ BPI (4)

Stemphylium trifolii @ BPI (2)
Polystomellaceae  Dothidella trifolii @ BPI (7)
Pucciniaceae  Uromyces flectens @ BPI (11)

Uromyces nerviphilus @ BPI (37)

Uromyces trifolii-repentis @ BPI (78)

Uromyces trifolii @ BPI (228)
Reduviidae  Sinea @ AMNH_PBI (5)
Scarabaeidae  Popillia japonica @ PN- (1)
Sclerotiniaceae  Botrytis cinerea @ BPI (1)

Botrytis @ BPI (1)

Sclerotinia trifoliorum @ BPI (2)
Synchytriaceae  Synchytrium trifolii @ BPI (1)
Trichosphaeriaceae  Brachysporium trifolii @ BPI (2)
_  Acremonium tubakii @ BPI (1)

Anthomyiidae @ PN- (3)

Arachnida @ PN- (2)

Ascochyta @ BPI (3)

Brachonidae @ PN- (1)

Calliphoridae @ PN- (1)

Chamaemyiidae? @ PN- (1)

Cicadellidae @ PN- (3)

Conopidae @ PN- (1)

Curculionidae @ PN- (1)

Drosophilidae @ PN- (2)

Hylaues pictipes @ MLSB__N16- (1)

Hymenoptera @ PN- (1)

Miridae @ PN- (1)

Pachybasium pyramidale @ BPI (1)

Placosphaeria trifolii @ BPI (1)

Polythrincium trifolii @ 425816B (1); 425676B (1); 425816A (1); 425733A (1); 425686B (1); 425733B (1); BPI (176); 425686A (1); 425676A (1)

Polythrincium @ BPI (1)

Pseudoplea trifolii @ BPI (8)

Urophlyctis trifolii @ BPI (2)

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Following modified from Flora of Taiwan, National Taiwan University
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Following modified from Delaware Wildflowers
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Delaware Wildflowers  •  Scientific names

Trifolium repens L. White Clover
Fabaceae — Bean family
Non-native
Trifolium repens
Prices Corner
July 2002 Trifolium repens
Photographed indoors. The backyard
September 2018

Search Google Delaware USDA

Photos copyright David G. Smith

Delaware Wildflowers main page

Following modified from MissouriPlants.com
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=TRRE3 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=TRRE3
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=TRRE3 ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=TRRE3
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Trifolium repens L.
white clover

Image of Trifolium repens

General Information
Symbol: TRRE3
Group: Dicot
Family: Fabaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : AK   I
CAN   I
GL   I
HI   I
L48   I
SPM   I
Other Common Names: Dutch clover
ladino clover
white Dutch clover
Characteristics
Fact Sheet (pdf) (doc) Plant Guide (pdf) (doc)
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Trifolium thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Steve Hurst. Provided by ARS Systematic Botany and Mycology Laboratory . United Kingdom, Scotland. Usage Requirements .

Patrick J. Alexander. Usage Requirements .

Patrick J. Alexander. Usage Requirements .

©Elaine Haug. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Department of Botany . United States, VA, Prince William Co., Dale City. Usage Requirements .

©Al Schneider. Southwest Colorado Wildflowers . United States, CO, NM, AZ, UT, Four Corners vicinity, within 150 miles of the corners. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 2: 358. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name
TRREA Trifolium repens L. var. atropurpureum hort.

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Rosidae
Order Fabales
Family Fabaceae ⁄ Leguminosae – Pea family
Genus Trifolium L. – clover
Species Trifolium repens L. – white clover

Subordinate Taxa

The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Trifolium repens . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Plant is native (blue) Native Plant is introduced Introduced Plant is introduced Native and Introduced Related taxa legend Distribution of <i>
Trifolium repens</i>
L. var. <i>
biasolettii</i>
(Steud. & Hochst.) Asch. & Graebn.
Trifolium repens var. biasolettii
Distribution of <i>
Trifolium repens</i>
L. var. <i>
giganteum</i>
Lagr.-Foss. [excluded]
Trifolium repens var. giganteum

Legal Status

U.S. Weed Information
Trifolium repens Dutch clover ladino clover white clover This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S.
N'EAST Uva, R.H., J.C. Neal,and J.M. DiTomaso. 1997. Weeds of the Northeast . Cornell University Press. Ithaca, New York.
NE&GP Stubbendieck, J., G.Y. Friisoe,and M.R. Bolick. 1994. Weeds of Nebraska and the Great Plains . Nebraska Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Plant Industry. Lincoln, Nebraska.

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

Top Level Regions
Hawaii FACU
North America
Alaska FACU
Arid West FACU
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FACU
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FACU
Great Plains FACU
Midwest FACU
Northcentral & Northeast FACU
Western Mountains, Valleys, and Coast FAC

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (TRRE3)
CalPhotos (TRRE3)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (TRRE3)
Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (TRRE3)
Kemper Center for Home Gardening (TRRE3)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (TRRE3)
USDA Forest Service Fire Effects Information System (TRRE3)
USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (TRRE3)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (TRRE3)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (TRRE3)
Related Websites
BioImages (TRRE3)
CA-Jepson Flora Project (TRRE3)
Cornell University cover crops page for white clover (TRRE3)
Cover crops database at the UC Davis Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education Program (SAREP) (TRRE3)
HI-Plants of Hawaii (HEAR) (TRRE3)
International Legume Data Information System (TRRE3)
MA-University of Massachusetts (TRRE3)
Managing Cover Crops Profitably (Sustainable Agriculture Network) (TRRE3)
NY-Cornell University: Poisonous Plant Databases (images) (TRRE3)
OH-Ohio State University Seed Biology (TRRE3)
UC Davis, IPM: abstract & images (TRRE3)
Virginia: abstract & image (TRRE3)
WA-Burke Museum of Natural History and Culture (U. of Washington) (TRRE3)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Everitt Minor Minor
Gee Minor
Yarrow Low Low Low

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Everitt
Gee
Yarrow

Sources

Everitt, J.H., D.L. Drawe, and R.I. Lonard. 1999. Field guide to the broad leaved herbaceous plants of South Texas used by livestock and wildlife . Texas Tech University Press. Lubbock.
Yarrow, G.K., and D.T. Yarrow. 1999. Managing wildlife . Sweet Water Press. Birmingham.
Gee, K.L., M.D. Porter, S. Demarais, F.C. Bryant, and G.V. Vreede. 1994. White-tailed deer: Their foods and management in the Cross Timbers . Ardmore.

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover
High Average 25-50% of diet Regular source of cover
Low 5-10% of diet Infrequently used as cover
Minor 2-5% of diet Sparsely used as cover
Moderate Average 10-25% of diet Occasional source of cover


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