Urobatis jamaicensis (Cuvier, 1816)
YELLOW STINGRAY
  Fish   Urolophidae   Urobatis


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Urobatis jamaicensis
Urobatis jamaicensis
Yellow Stingray
ID: 0091 3183 0989 0080 [detail]
Gerald and Buff Corsi
© 2001 California Academy of Sciences

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Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Urobatis jamaicensis (Cuvier , 1816)

Yellow stingray Add your observation in Fish Watcher
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Urobatis jamaicensis   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Pictures | Videos |     Google image Image of Urobatis jamaicensis (Yellow stingray) Urobatis jamaicensis
Picture by Estrada Anaya, R.A.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Myliobatiformes (Stingrays) > Urotrygonidae (American round stingrays)
Etymology: Urobatis: Greek,oura = tail + Greek, batis, batidos = a ray (Raja sp.) (Ref. 45335 ) .  More on author: Cuvier .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; depth range 1 - 25 m (Ref. 9710 ).   Tropical; 36°N - 11°N, 100°W - 66°W (Ref. 55316 )

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Atlantic: North Carolina, USA to northern South America. Also in Bahamas, Yucatan and throughout Caribbean (Ref. 26938 ).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ?   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 76.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9710 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Edge of disk no sharp angles, no dorsal fin. Well-developed caudal fin extends around tip of tail, doubly serrate spine near caudal fin base (Ref. 26938 ). Disk yellowish, with dark vermiculations and spots that form a variety of patterns on upper surface (Ref. 7251 ). Lower surface is yellowish, greenish or brownish white, tail with dark spots (Ref.6902).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Commonly found along sandy beaches to the water's edge, and especially in sandy areas in and around coral reefs (Ref. 7251 ). Raises front end of disc to attract prey seeking shelter (Ref. 7251 ). Feeds on shrimps, probably also on small fishes, clams, and worms (Ref. 12951 ). Known to be capable of inflicting dangerous wounds with its venomous spine. Easily approached (Ref. 9710 ). A live-bearing species, produces 3 to 4 young (Ref. 26938 ).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Male grasps disc margin of female, swings under her and inserts a clasper. Mating pair is surrounded by other males that swim around and nudge them. Dugger (1987) (Ref. 51118 ) observed both male and female biting the pectoral fin of its mate (Ref. 49562 ).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Compagno, L.J.V. , 1999. Checklist of living elasmobranchs. p. 471-498. In W.C. Hamlett (ed.) Sharks, skates, and rays: the biology of elasmobranch fishes. Johns Hopkins University Press, Maryland. (Ref. 35766 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744 )

  Least Concern (LC)  ; Date assessed: 31 January 2006

CITES (Ref. 115941 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Venomous




Human uses

Aquarium: public aquariums FAO(Publication : search ) | FishSource |

More information

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Tools

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Special reports

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Summary page | Point data | Common names | Photos

Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | DiscoverLife | DORIS | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank( genome , nucleotide ) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | Public aquariums | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Tree of Life | Wikipedia( Go , Search ) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969 ): 25.8 - 28.1, mean 27.3 (based on 482 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.5078   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00871 (0.00459 - 0.01653), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  3.6   ±0.51 se; Based on food items. Resilience (Ref. 69278 ):  Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Low to moderate vulnerability (32 of 100) .

Entered by Froese, Rainer Modified by Bailly, Nicolas Fish Forum
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