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Vaccinium myrtillus L.
BILBERRY
Whortleberry

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Ericaceae   Vaccinium

Vaccinium myrtillus
© Copyright Mel Harte 2010 · 3
Vaccinium myrtillus

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Vaccinium myrtillus
© Copyright Mel Harte 2010 · 3
Vaccinium myrtillus
Vaccinium myrtillus
© Copyright Mel Harte 2010 · 3
Vaccinium myrtillus

Vaccinium myrtillus
© Copyright Mel Harte 2010 · 3
Vaccinium myrtillus
Vaccinium myrtillus
© Copyright Mel Harte 2010 · 3
Vaccinium myrtillus

Vaccinium myrtillus
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Vaccinium myrtillus
Vaccinium myrtillus
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Vaccinium myrtillus

Vaccinium myrtillus
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Vaccinium myrtillus
Vaccinium myrtillus
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Vaccinium myrtillus

Vaccinium myrtillus
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Vaccinium myrtillus
Vaccinium myrtillus
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Vaccinium myrtillus

Vaccinium myrtillus
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Vaccinium myrtillus
Vaccinium myrtillus
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Vaccinium myrtillus

Vaccinium myrtillus
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Vaccinium myrtillus
Vaccinium myrtillus
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Vaccinium myrtillus

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Agaricaceae  Phoma cymbispora @ BPI (1)
Ascodichaenaceae  Pseudophacidium degenerans @ BPI (1)
Dermateaceae  Gloeosporium myrtilli @ BPI (3)

Pezicula myrtillina @ BPI (2)

Pezicula myrtillinoides @ BPI (1)

Tapesia melaleucoides @ BPI (2)
Diaporthaceae  Phomopsis myrtilli @ BPI (1)
Erysiphaceae  Microsphaera alni @ BPI (2)

Microsphaera vaccinii @ BPI (1)

Podosphaera kunzei @ BPI (2)

Podosphaera myrtillina @ BPI (16)

Podosphaera oxyacanthae @ BPI (24)
Exobasidiaceae  Exobasidium aequale @ BPI (1)

Exobasidium myrtilli @ BPI (4)

Exobasidium vaccinii-myrtilli @ BPI (5)

Exobasidium vaccinii-uliginosi @ BPI (19)

Exobasidium vaccinii @ BPI (21)
Hyaloscyphaceae  Dasyscyphus virginellus @ BPI (1)
Hyponectriaceae  Pseudomassaria vaccinii @ BPI (1)
Hysteriaceae  Gloniopsis vaccinii @ BPI (1)
Melanconidaceae  Coryneum vaccinii @ BPI (2)
Meliolaceae  Meliola niessliana @ BPI (7)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Didymella praeclara @ BPI (1)

Mycosphaerella myrtillina @ BPI (1)

Mycosphaerella stemmatea @ BPI (1)

Mycosphaerella vaccinii @ BPI (12)

Sphaerulina myrtillina @ BPI (5)
Pleosporaceae  Leptosphaerulina myrtillina @ BPI (2)
Pucciniastraceae  Pucciniastrum myrtilli @ BPI (2)

Pucciniastrum vaccinii @ BPI (11)
Rhytismataceae  Coccomyces leptideus @ BPI (3)

Lophodermium cladophilum @ BPI (6)

Lophodermium quadratum @ BPI (1)

Sporomega cladophila @ BPI (2)
Sclerotiniaceae  Monilia alpina @ BPI (1)

Monilinia baccarum @ BPI (23)

Sclerotinia baccarum @ BPI (1)

Valdensia heterodoxa @ BPI (6)
Stemonitidaceae  Diacheopsis metallica @ BPI (2)

Diacheopsis subretisporum @ BPI (1)
Thelephoraceae  Thelephora terrestris @ BPI (1)
Tricholomataceae  Helotium epiphyllum @ BPI (3)
Valsaceae  Cytospora petrakii @ BPI (1)

Valsa tenella @ BPI (1)
Venturiaceae  Gibbera elegantula @ BPI (1)

Venturia elegantula @ BPI (5)

Venturia myrtilli @ BPI (3)
_  Calyptospora goeppertiana @ BPI (2)

Pseudoplea myrtillina @ BPI (1)

Sirexcipula myrtilli @ BPI (1)

Thekopsora myrtilli @ BPI (2)

Thekopsora vacciniorum @ BPI (48)

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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=VAMY2 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=VAMY2
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=VAMY2 ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=VAMY2
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=VAMY2 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=VAMY2
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Vaccinium myrtillus L.
whortleberry

Image of Vaccinium myrtillus

General Information
Symbol: VAMY2
Group: Dicot
Family: Ericaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Shrub
Subshrub
Native Status : CAN   N
GL   I
L48   N
Data Source and Documentation
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Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Vaccinium thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

©Lindsey Koepke. United States, WA, Pierce Co., Mount Rainier National Park, Shadow Lake. July 22, 2005. Usage Requirements .

©Lindsey Koepke. United States, WA, Pierce Co., Mount Rainier National Park, Shadow Lake. July 22, 2005. Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name Other Common Names
VAMYO2 Vaccinium myrtillus L. ssp. oreophilum (Rydb.) Á. Löve & D. Löve & Kapoor
VAMYO Vaccinium myrtillus L. var. oreophilum (Rydb.) Dorn whortleberry
VAOR Vaccinium oreophilum Rydb.

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Dilleniidae
Order Ericales
Family Ericaceae – Heath family
Genus Vaccinium L. – blueberry
Species Vaccinium myrtillus L. – whortleberry

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Arid West FACU
Great Plains UPL
Western Mountains, Valleys, and Coast UPL

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (VAMY2)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (VAMY2)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (VAMYO)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (VAMYO2)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (VAOR)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (VAMY2)
Native Plants Network (VAMY2)
USDA Forest Service Fire Effects Information System (VAMY2)
Related Websites
HerbMed (VAMY2)
Herbal Information Resources (VAMY2)
Northwest Berry (VAMY2)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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Following modified from Flora of North America
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Link to Flora of North America home
 
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FNA Vol. 8 Page 516, 521, 522, 523 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 8 | Ericaceae | Vaccinium

9. Vaccinium myrtillus Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 349. 1753.

Whortleberry

Vaccinium myrtillus subsp. oreophilum (Rydberg) Á. Löve, D. Löve & B. M. Kapoor; V. myrtillus var. oreophilum (Rydberg) Dorn; V. oreophilum Rydberg

Plants forming open colonies, 0.5-12 dm, rhizomatous; twigs green, conspicuously 3-angled, glabrous or minutely puberulent along grooves. Leaf blades bright green, broadly elliptic or ovate, 19-27 × 7-11 mm, margins sharply serrate, surfaces laxly glandular abaxially. Flowers: calyx green, lobes ± recurved (or absent and margins of tube sinuate), deltate, 0.4-0.6 mm, glabrous; corolla pink, cream, or greenish white, globose, 3-5 × 5-7 mm, thin, glaucous; filaments glabrous. Berries purple-black or bluish black, rarely reddish or red, 7-9 mm diam. Seeds ca. 1 mm. 2 n = 24, 48.

Flowering late spring-summer. Heaths, montane heaths, boggy barrens, degraded meadows, open coniferous forests, oak parklands, disturbed or open birch woods, hummocky seepage slopes, moraines; 0-2600 m; Greenland; Alta., B.C.; Ariz., Colo., Idaho, Mont., Nev., N.Mex., Oreg., Utah, Wash.; Europe; e Asia (Japan).

Vaccinium myrtillus fruits are popular in Europe and are known to possess antioxidants and other compounds beneficial to vascular health. Berries in Europe are extensively harvested from wild stands. In North America, the fruits were used by the Kootenai, Carrier, Shuswap, and other native tribes. The small plant and fruit sizes create challenges for commercialization in North America.

SELECTED REFERENCES Albert, T., O. Raspe, and A. L. Jacquemart. 2003. Clonal structure in Vaccinium myrtillus L. revealed by RAPD and AFLP markers. Int. J. Pl. Sci. 164: 649-655. Upton, R., ed. 2001. Bilberry Fruit: Vaccinium myrtillus L. Standards of Analysis, Quality Control, and Therapeutics. Santa Cruz.

Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Vaccinium+myrtillus&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Vaccinium+myrtillus&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 11
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Vaccinium myrtillus%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Vaccinium myrtillus
Vaccinium myrtillus
Bilberry
ID: 0000 0000 0806 0050 [detail]
© 2006 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Vaccinium myrtillus
Vaccinium myrtillus
Bilberry
ID: 0000 0000 0806 0051 [detail]
© 2006 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Vaccinium myrtillus
Vaccinium myrtillus
Bilberry
ID: 0000 0000 0806 0052 [detail]
© 2006 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Vaccinium myrtillus
Vaccinium myrtillus
Bilberry
ID: 0000 0000 0806 0053 [detail]
© 2006 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Vaccinium myrtillus
Vaccinium myrtillus
Bilberry
ID: 0000 0000 0806 0054 [detail]
© 2006 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Vaccinium myrtillus
Vaccinium myrtillus
Bilberry
ID: 0000 0000 0806 0055 [detail]
© 2006 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Vaccinium myrtillus
Vaccinium myrtillus
Bilberry
ID: 0000 0000 1106 0836 [detail]
© 2006 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Vaccinium myrtillus
Vaccinium myrtillus
Bilberry
ID: 0000 0000 1008 0777 [detail]
© 2008 Zoya Akulova

Vaccinium myrtillus
Vaccinium myrtillus
Bilberry
ID: 0000 0000 0909 0648 [detail]
© 2009 Maximilian Dehling

Vaccinium myrtillus
Vaccinium myrtillus
ID: 0000 0000 0319 1046 [detail]
© 2019 John Doyen

Vaccinium myrtillus
Vaccinium myrtillus
ID: 0000 0000 0319 1045 [detail]
© 2019 John Doyen

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


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