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Vaccinium oxycoccos L.
CRANBERRY
Oxycoccus oxycoccos (L) Adolphi; Oxycoccus quadripetalus Gilib nom inval; Small cranberry

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Ericaceae   Vaccinium

Vaccinium oxycoccos
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 4
Vaccinium oxycoccos

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Vaccinium oxycoccos
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Vaccinium oxycoccos

Vaccinium oxycoccos
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Vaccinium oxycoccos

Vaccinium oxycoccos
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Vaccinium oxycoccos

Vaccinium oxycoccos
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Vaccinium oxycoccos

Vaccinium oxycoccos
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Vaccinium oxycoccos

Vaccinium oxycoccos, leaf and flower
© Kay Yatskievych, 2003 · 1
Vaccinium oxycoccos, leaf and flower

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Diaporthaceae  Diaporthe vaccinii @ BPI (2)
Exobasidiaceae  Exobasidium vaccinii @ BPI (10)
Gnomoniaceae  Gnomonia setacea @ BPI (1)
Helotiaceae  Godronia cassandrae @ BPI (1)
Ichneumonidae  Venturia compacta @ BPI (1)
Sclerotiniaceae  Monilinia oxycocci @ BPI (2)

Sclerotinia oxycocci @ BPI (1)
Valsaceae  Valsa delicatula @ BPI (1)
Venturiaceae  Gibbera compacta @ BPI (2)

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Following modified from Flora of North America
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FNA Vol. 8 Page 516, 519 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 8 | Ericaceae | Vaccinium

4. Vaccinium oxycoccos Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 351. 1753.

Small cranberry, canneberge commune

Oxycoccus hagerupii Á. Löve & D. Löve; O. intermedius (A. Gray) Rydberg; O. microcarpus Turczaninov ex Ruprecht; O. ovalifolius (Michaux) A. E. Porsild; O. oxycoccos (Linnaeus) MacMillan; O. palustris Persoon; O. palustris var. intermedius (A. Gray) Howell; O. palustris subsp. microphyllus (Lange) Á. Löve & D. Löve; O. palustris var. ovalifolius (Michaux) F. Seymour; O. quadripetalus Gilibert; O. quadripetalus var. microphyllus (Lange) Porsild; Vaccinium microcarpum (Turczaninov ex Ruprecht) Schmalhausen; V. oxycoccos var. intermedium A. Gray; V. oxycoccos subsp. microphyllum (Lange) Feilberg; V. oxycoccos var. microphyllum (Lange) J. Rousseau & Raymond; V. oxycoccos var. ovalifolium Michaux

Plants trailing, shoots 0.1-0.3(-0.5) dm. Leaf blades glaucous abaxially, green adaxially, ovate, sometimes elliptic, 3-10 × 1-5 mm, coriaceous, margins entire, strongly revolute. Inflorescences in axils of leaflike bracts at base of previous year's or older shoots, (leafy portion often failing to elongate). Pedicels nodding, slender, 2-3 cm, bracteolate or not; bracteoles 1-5, reddish, scalelike, to 1 mm wide. Flowers: calyx lobes relatively small; corolla strongly reflexed at anthesis, white to deep pink; filaments hairy; anther tubules 2-2.5 mm. Berries deep red, red-spotted at first, 6-12 mm diam., smooth. 2 n = 24, 48, 72.

Flowering early summer. Half buried in Sphagnum hummocks in bogs, fens, muskeg, arctic-alpine tundra; 0-1500 m; Greenland; St. Pierre and Miquelon; Alta., B.C., Man., N.B., Nfld. and Labr., N.W.T., N.S., Nunavut, Ont., P.E.I., Que., Sask., Yukon; Alaska, Calif., Conn., Idaho, Ill., Ind., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., N.H., N.J., N.Y., Ohio, Oreg., Pa., R.I., Vt., Wash., W.Va., Wis.; n Europe; n Asia.

Vaccinium oxycoccos is interruptedly circumboreal (absent from the Canadian Arctic Archipelago, including Baffin Island) extending southward in North America to California in the Cascade Range and to West Virginia in the Appalachian Mountains.

In Europe, some chromosome races of Vaccinium oxycoccos have been given specific rank (S. P. Vander Kloet 1983) at one time or another; unfortunately, hexaploids cannot be differentiated consistently from diploids or tetraploids using morphological features such as leaf indumentum or bract size.

On most vines, especially north of 50° north latitude, the leafy portion of the fertile shoot fails to develop, giving the illusion that Vaccinium oxycoccos has an inflorescence comprising a short rachis bearing flowers on a slender pedicel.

SELECTED REFERENCE Mahy, G. et al. 2000. Allozyme evidence for genetic autopolyploidy and high genetic diversity in the tetraploid cranberry, Vaccinium oxycoccos (Ericaceae). Amer. J. Bot. 87: 1882-1889.

Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Vaccinium+oxycoccos&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Vaccinium+oxycoccos&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 19
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Vaccinium oxycoccos%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Vaccinium oxycoccos
Vaccinium oxycoccos
ID: 0000 0000 0306 1689 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Vaccinium oxycoccos
Vaccinium oxycoccos
ID: 0000 0000 0506 3341 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Vaccinium oxycoccos
Vaccinium oxycoccos
Small Cranberry
ID: 0000 0000 0607 1156 [detail]
© 2007 Matt Below

Vaccinium oxycoccos
Vaccinium oxycoccos
Small Cranberry
ID: 0000 0000 0607 1157 [detail]
© 2007 Matt Below

Vaccinium oxycoccos
Vaccinium oxycoccos
ID: 0000 0000 0508 1137 [detail]
© 2008 Louis-M. Landry

Vaccinium oxycoccos
Vaccinium oxycoccos
ID: 0000 0000 0710 0361 [detail]
© 2010 Louis-M. Landry

Vaccinium oxycoccos
Vaccinium oxycoccos
ID: 0000 0000 0710 0362 [detail]
© 2010 Louis-M. Landry

Vaccinium oxycoccos
Vaccinium oxycoccos
ID: 0000 0000 0710 0363 [detail]
© 2010 Louis-M. Landry

Vaccinium oxycoccos
Vaccinium oxycoccos
Small Cranberry
ID: 2222 0604 0004 0030 [detail]
© University of California Museum of Paleontology

Vaccinium oxycoccos
Vaccinium oxycoccos
Bog Cranberry
(shown with Sphagnum cymbifolium, Microseris borealis )
ID: 0000 0000 0714 1230 [detail]
© 2014 Wynn Anderson

Vaccinium oxycoccos
Vaccinium oxycoccos
Bog Cranberry
(shown with Sphagnum cymbifolium, Microseris borealis )
ID: 0000 0000 0714 1232 [detail]
© 2014 Wynn Anderson

Vaccinium oxycoccos
Vaccinium oxycoccos
Small Cranberry
ID: 0000 1111 1234 3751 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Vaccinium oxycoccos
Vaccinium oxycoccos
Small Cranberry
ID: 0000 1111 1234 3752 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Vaccinium oxycoccos
Vaccinium oxycoccos
Small Cranberry
ID: 0000 1111 1234 3753 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Vaccinium oxycoccos
Vaccinium oxycoccos
Small Cranberry
ID: 0000 1111 1234 3754 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Vaccinium oxycoccos
Vaccinium oxycoccos
Small Cranberry
ID: 0000 1111 1234 3755 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Vaccinium oxycoccos
Vaccinium oxycoccos
Small Cranberry
ID: 0000 1111 1234 3756 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Vaccinium oxycoccos
Vaccinium oxycoccos
Small Cranberry
ID: 0000 1111 1234 3757 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Vaccinium oxycoccos
Vaccinium oxycoccos
Small Cranberry
ID: 0000 1111 1234 3758 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


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